匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

現在分詞(主動)及過去分詞(被動)的用法.請詳細解釋.謝謝~

問題1

何種情況下應用現在分詞(主動.動作進行)及過去分詞(被動.動作完成)??

1英文是非常有趣的科目

English is an very interesting subject.

( interesting 是形容詞 interested 也是形容詞.但為什麼使用現在分詞??.

以及an 是用在母音前.V又不是母音.為什麼使用 an )

2.我對英文很感興趣

I'm much interested in English.

( Be + interested +in.對什麼感興趣.所以一定要寫interested.

而不能寫interesting嗎??

我對英文很感興趣.不是我對英文很感興趣.屬主動.

所以應該是使用interesting.還是要解釋英文是被感興趣.

而不是自己對自己感興趣.屬被動.所以用interested.)

3.我非常高興敎大家英文

I'm very pleased to teach all of you English.

( 同理.我非常高興.屬主動.為什麼不是用 pleasing .)

總而言知.我已經被主動.被動.搞的一蹋糊塗了

問題2

如果我能挪出一點時間.我會做這件事

I'll do this if I can spare some time.

可以改寫if I can spare some time,I'll do this.嗎??

或者I'll do it if I can spare some time.

問題3

那些年輕女孩正往樓上走去

The young girls are going upstairs.

如果改成" 那些女孩剛剛上樓了"

可以寫That girls just went upstairs. 嗎??

問題4

她每天幫她母親做廚房工作

She helps her mom with kitchen work every day.

可以改寫 she helps to do kitchen work for her mom every day.

問題5.

不幸的.John未能通過考試.

Unfortunately,John failed to pass the exam.

可以改成Unfortunately,John had no pass the exam.

或者Unfortunately,John didn't have pass the exam.

或者Unfortunately,John can't pass the exam

3 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    這應該是校稿錯誤,不能用an. 不過您說用母音,事實上是如果後面的發音有母音的情況就要用an.如honest. (不是用字母分辨)

    2.我對英文很感興趣 3.我非常高興敎大家英文

    Q2 & 3一起答

    感官動詞, 教你一個潛規則,若是人,動物當主詞,則用ed.幾乎都是這樣. 若是事物則用ing.

    如:I am pleased, I am interested in, I am amazed, I am shocked. 你要看成被動態也行.I am pleased.我是被高興--我很高興,I am shocked我是被震驚--我很震驚.

    事物: That is interesting. The cup is amazing.

    例外: 有時說話者故意貶低對方的地位(或是開玩笑),會將人擬物化. You are bored (你只是沒事做),You are boring(你真無聊)

    You are interesting(你蠻有趣的)

    問題2

    如果我能挪出一點時間.我會做這件事

    I'll do this if I can spare some time.

    可以改寫If I can spare some time,I'll do this.嗎??

    或者I'll do it if I can spare some time.

    若把人擺在前面,則表示說話者很重視. 英語中,will是不確定的說法.你若聽人說 I will....並不表示他一定會做.

    把:我會做如果我有時間的話,表示我還很重視. 若:我有時間我就會做,口氣差很多吧?

    寫法都對.語氣不同 (這個有些可能到大學才教.高中以下先不管這個)

    問題3

    那些年輕女孩正往樓上走去

    The young girls are going upstairs.

    如果改成" 那些女孩剛剛上樓了"

    可以寫That girls just went upstairs. 嗎??

    可以. 但是Go 後面是地點要加 to.還要複數 Those girls just went to upstairs. Those girls went to upstairs just now.

    問題4

    她每天幫她母親做廚房工作

    She helps her mom with kitchen work every day.

    可以改寫 she helps to do kitchen work for her mom every day.

    可以 . 但開頭要大寫. for改成with,因為help .....with ..意思不同.

    She helps to do kitchen work with her mom every day. 一起做(前面意思是這個)

    She does kitchen work for her mom every day. 可能沒有一起做(例如媽媽休息)

    問題5.

    不幸的.John未能通過考試.

    Unfortunately,John failed to pass the exam.

    可以改成Unfortunately,John had no pass the exam.

    或者Unfortunately,John didn't have pass the exam.

    或者Unfortunately,John can't pass the exam

    英文中, I don't , I can't , I won't. 是不同的意思.I don't(沒有意願) , I can't(沒有能力) , I won't(沒有機會,有機會可能會改變心意)

    I wish I could, but I can't, so I won't. 請參考

    no pass,是沒有實際的pass事物才可以這樣講. 要不就是中式英文了.上面用法也不對Unfortunately,John had no pass about the exam.--文法對,但是是Chinglish.

    Unfortunately,John had no pass the exam. --不行

    或者Unfortunately,John didn't have pass the exam. -- have 去掉

    或者Unfortunately,John can't pass the exam -- 意思不同,考試中若沒有其它選項可選這個.

    參考資料: 25
  • 10 年前

    (1) 應該是 English is a very interesting subject.

    原文用an 應是沒校對出來

    只要是原文可改寫成 English interests (v)) me. 英文使我感興趣

    就可以造成 English is an interesting subject. (令人感興趣的)

    (2) English interested me. 所以 me是受詞

    受詞變主詞時 變 被動

    I am interested in English.

    (3) To teach English pleases me. 教英文使我有興趣

    可改成兩種句子

    me 是受詞變主詞, I am pleased to teach English

    教英文令我感到有趣 To teach English is pleasing to me.

    question 2

    I'll do this if I can spare some time = If I can spare some time, I'll do this. = I'll do it if I can spare some time.

    question 3

    可以

    question 4

    可以

    question 5

    Unfortunately, John failed to pass the exam = Unluckily, John didn't pass the exam.

    had no pass , pass 為名詞不能直接加exam, 爾且老外不會這樣說

    John didn't have pass the exam 文法有錯 可改成 John hasn't passed the exam.

    John can't pass the exam. 時態為現在式與你要表達的過去式不符, 可改成 John couldn't pass the exam.

    2010-05-15 08:15:43 補充:

    (3) please 應翻為 使高興 不是有趣

    有筆誤不好意思

  • eleven
    Lv 5
    10 年前

    您已有一定程度,只稍微提點部份。

    English is an very interesting subject.

    請注意何時用 a an

    Unfortunately,John had no pass the exam.

    中式英文!

    Unfortunately,John didn't have pass the exam.

    您到底要用哪種時態?

    Unfortunately,John can't pass the exam

    can't 不是這樣用的,請自己查一下文法書中助動詞的單元。

    2010-05-15 06:55:38 補充:

    看了您的發問記錄,

    您目前很怪的是學到的文法、看的句子有些已是有難度,

    但您卻對一些很基礎的概念不懂/不會/不熟。

    推測您基礎很不穩!

    建議您:若您是學生或有在補習、有教師教,

    請把您的課本由最初級第一課再多複習及手寫/口碩多練習幾次!

    您的程度應該已要向前進一步,

    您卻會被極簡單基礎的問題/概念拌住,

    顯見複習及練習量都不夠!

    這樣的複習練習以內化為自己的學問的工夫,

    是學生應該自己要多花時間進行的,

    不能一直依賴網友/老師們。

    2010-05-15 06:56:26 補充:

    比方說,人稱與動詞搭配的代換、各時態間轉換練習,

    由您問的問題推測您早就學過,

    請您要多複習、多自行練習!

    此外,若有教師,

    請多直接問教師,

    當面請教老師才是最好的學語文方法。

    在這兒問常只能學片面,

    甚至很多人有意無意會教錯,

    或解釋得太複雜、太簡單等等。

    加油!

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