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kao8760 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

這個句子怎麼出現二個動詞??

He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist, with each one complementing the other.

想請問大家的是,

1. 這個句子中怎有會出現第二個動詞 could coexist

2. 另外 with...the other. 這裡前面為什麼要加逗號??不能寫成這樣子嗎

He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist with each one complementing the other.

已更新項目:

Louis 和 無極 兩位在1. 的回答有點不一樣

所以說是省略哪個 關係副/代名詞呢??

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist, with each one complementing the other.

    想請問大家的是,

    1. 這個句子中怎有會出現第二個動詞 could coexist

    He imagined ways (that) buildings and nature could coexist, with each one complementing the other.

    ways指方法時,後面的子句通常省去that

    I like the way you've had your hair done. (Cambridge p.1440)

    There are so many delicious ways you can prepare chicken. (Macmillan p.1685)

    I don't like the way she speaks. (遠東新世紀英漢辭典p.1565說明B1b,way指方法時,the way 後面省略連接詞that或in which;不用how)

    所以could coexist是關係子句的動詞。

    2. 另外 with...the other. 這裡前面為什麼要加逗號??不能寫成這樣子嗎

    He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist with each one complementing the other.

    不可省去逗號,因為with each one complementing the other是用來修飾子句述部的修飾語,去掉逗號,會讓each one變成不及物動詞coexist的受詞(加介系詞後,才成為受詞的),意思就變了。變成building,nature兩者和each one可以共存。而且後面的complementing the other會無法連上(看起來成了四者)。但原句的意思是:藉由兩者的互補,building和nature能夠共存。(只有兩者。)

    2010-05-23 11:49:09 補充:

    在the way後面跟有形容詞子句,而way在這個子句中充當副詞時,有三種寫法:

    1) the way ... (最常見的方式,即沒有that)

    2) the way that ...

    3) the way in which ... (最正式的語體)

    以上見趙振才著朗文<英語常見問題大詞典>第1034頁

    the way how...這種寫法不符英語的習慣.

    2010-05-23 13:01:07 補充:

    That's how he succeeded in business.

    = That's the way he succeeded in business.

    Could you tell me the way (in which) I can get the discount?

    This is the way (that) he solved the problem.

    注意:不可以使用 the way how...的形式。

    以上見p.292 第4項關係副詞how的用法。石黑昭博監修朗文新英文文法全集。

    2010-05-23 13:05:18 補充:

    He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist with each one complementing the other.

    這句的ways前面應該有冠詞the

    因為ways受到關係子句的限定

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  • 1 0 年前

    He imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist, with each one complementing the other.

    1. 這個句子中怎有會出現第二個動詞 could coexist

    could coexist是子句的動詞:

    He imagined ways (how) buildings and nature could coexist....

    他想像了建築物與大自然(如何)共存的種種方式....

    省略了關副, 這個關副子句修飾受詞ways.

    也可以不省略how而省略ways, 那麼關副子句就作為imagined的受詞.

    2. 另外 with...the other. 這裡前面為什麼要加逗號??

    .... , with each one complementing the other.

    ....., 在二者互補的情況下

    加逗號是因為"with each one complementing the other"是獨立副詞片語修飾前面的整個句子或主要動詞imagined; 如不加逗號, 則是修飾j關係子句或其動詞coexist, 語意上有略微的差別.

    另一方面, 加逗號表示逗號後的副詞片與可調前到句首:

    With each one complementing the other, he imagined ways buildings and nature could coexist,

    2010-05-23 15:38:55 補充:

    回版主:

    關副where, when, why, how

    轉成關代形式:

    where = in which = that

    when = at/on/in which = that

    why = for which = that

    how = in/by which = that

    所以that是萬能鑰匙, 但多用在口語或非正式情況.

    舉例:

    This is the house where I live.

    = This is the house in which I live.

    = This is the house that I live (in). <--- 有in時that是關代, 無in時that代替關副.

    參考資料: 深耕英文文法
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