Shelly
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Shelly 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

兩題英文文法選擇題

請高手幫忙解題,為什麼其它選項不行 謝謝!!

1. The stockholder's meeting, _____, was not much of an event.

(A) without the CEO's participation

(B) the CEO not participating

(C) not participated by the CEO

(D) the CEO failing to participate

2. ____ were more humanitarian methods employed to overcome inequality in employment opportunity for Afro-Americans.

(A) One century later

(B) Only after one century

(C) After one century had gone by

(D) One century after

另外,有人知道適合高中以上程度的片語自修書嗎?謝謝!

已更新項目:

謝謝diocequeen的回答,再追加一題:

_____ at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers that even forty years after his death, he is still well known.

為什麼 (Dale Carnegie, so adept)不行?

2 個已更新項目:

(A) So adept, Dale Carnegie (B) So adept was Dale Carnegie

(C) Dale Carnegie, so adept (D) Because Dale Carnegie was so adept

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The stockholder's meeting, _____, was not much of an event.

    (A) without the CEO's participation

    (B) the CEO not participating

    (C) not participated by the CEO

    (D) the CEO failing to participate

    很簡單。

    要知道participate 這個單字其實不是及物動詞。而是要加上in才能加受詞。

    B要改為 the CEO not participating in

    C要改為 not participated in by the CEO

    D要改為 the CEO failing to participate in

    另外再順便講一下插入句省略了什麼給您聽好了

    The stockholder's meeting, ( which was ) without the CEO's participation , was not much of an event.

    改過的BCD放進去也通。

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    2. ____ were more humanitarian methods employed to overcome inequality in employment opportunity for Afro-Americans.

    (A) One century later

    (B) Only after one century

    (C) After one century had gone by

    (D) One century after

    這題不知道的話就表示您的倒裝句沒學好。

    Only等的否定副詞(其他的還有Seldom,Barely,Never,By no means,等等)

    放在句首時要倒裝句子(我也有聽過「可」倒裝句子的說法)。

    除空下來的句首不看,看這句的結構就是 be + adj + n ....(其他略,光看大結構)

    接下來看選項,選項全部都是時間副詞片語(不要被片語這二個字給嚇到,反正就當就這幾個字是一個單字: adv.。在全句中起adv的作用就行了)

    如此可知這句的結構為 adv + be + adj + n....(其他略)

    很明顯的就是倒裝句。

    如果不小心一看這個句子就直覺認為(或是錯覺)是 S + be + adj + n .....

    的話,就錯了。

    S一定要是名詞(片語、子句)。

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    高中以上程度的片語自修書

    傑克遜片語 就很好用了(不知書名有否打錯)。

    不然我記得長春藤出過一個實用片語 也很不錯(不過我是十年前買的)。

    話說回來,看這種片語書會讓我很想睡覺說。

    2010-05-30 18:41:13 補充:

    可以看出來that後面引導的句子結構很完整(that + S + adv. + adj....略),故可斷定that在這邊是當conj.的作用。

    既然that是conj. 故此句為二個句子所組成的compound sentence。既然如此,就可以先把that(含)後面略去不看。

    2010-05-30 18:41:22 補充:

    at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers是介係詞片語。可以當補語或副詞來用。不管前面要加什麼,都要使 「XXX at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers」 成為一個完整的句子 (因為conj.的平行結構)。

    如果用Dale Carnegie的話,變成沒有動詞。

    Dale Carnegie at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers 是一個名詞子句。

    2010-05-30 18:44:05 補充:

    如果用(Dale Carnegie, so adept)的話,變成沒有動詞。

    2010-05-30 18:44:14 補充:

    Dale Carnegie, (who was) so adept at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers 是一個名詞及其同位格的形容詞子句

    同位格(或是您要說這是插入句)的結構為 N, + N/adj , + V. 至少要這樣才能算是一個完整的句子。

    這樣說有了解嗎?

    2010-05-30 18:52:44 補充:

    _____ at expressing his various thoughts in a series of best sellers that even forty years after his death, he is still well known.

    這一題的其他選項可以請您打上來嗎? 我在收集題目中。

    2010-05-30 21:33:36 補充:

    Hi 我有補充解答。不過您要按重新整理才能看到我所有的補充解答。我補充了四次。如果您看不到共四次所有的補充解答的話,請按重新整理就可以看到了。

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  • 1 0 年前

    diocequeen 說的正確又詳細

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