fly 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

聖經"The 23rd Psalm/詩篇第23章"單字??

各位先進:

請問在聖經"The 23rd Psalm/詩篇第23章"裡的單字有好幾個都查不到?

Q1其詞性與意義為何?(可提供唸法更好..)查不到的字如下...

1.maketh=makes/使人(動詞)...~對嗎?

2.leadeth=leads/引領(動詞)...~對嗎?

3.restoreth=restores/復原(動詞)...~對嗎?

4.preparest=prepare/準備(動詞)...~對嗎?

5.anointest+with=anoint+with/擦.塗(動詞)...~對嗎?

6.runneth+over=runs over/泛出(動詞)...~對嗎?

Q2買哪種字典可查到這些古文言文的字??

已更新項目:

首先..非常感謝這位先進的意見...

真是極有幫助的解答...真的萬分感謝..

雖然這位先進(Peter)已經答的很好,

但還沒有告訴我關於Q2買哪種字典可查到這些古文言文的字??的意見

或其他找尋這類資訊的看法?

為了對得起兩位贊助者...我只好延長一次發問^^||....

2 個解答

評分
  • Peter
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    以下摘錄翻譯自: http://www.unilang.org/wiki/index.php/Introducing_...

    1. 代名詞---第二人稱單數you

    a. 主格 thou

    例句: Thou art beautiful.

    (=You[單] are beautiful.)

    b. 受格 thee

    例句: Mary liketh thee.

    (=Mary likes you[單].)

    c. 所有格 thy (+子音開頭的字)

    例句: Thy hair is like silk.

    (=Your[單] hair is like silk.)

    d. 所有格 thine (+母音開頭的字)

    例句: I love thine eyes.

    (=I love your[單] eyes.)

    e. 所有受格 thine

    例句: Is this thine?

    (=Is this yours[單]?)

    2. 代名詞---第二人稱複數you

    a. 主格 ye

    例句: Congratulations to all of ye!

    (=Congratulations to all of you[複]!)

    b. 受格 you (同現代英語)

    例句: You art welcome.

    (=You[複] are welcome.)

    c. 所有受格 yours (同現代英語)

    例句: Our country’s football team playeth better than yours.

    (=Our country’s football team plays better than yours[複].)

    3. 動詞

    a. 第二人稱單數, 時態變化後+(e)st

    例句: Thou makest me feel happy.

    (=You make me feel happy.)

    例句: Thou singest like a bird.

    (=You sing like a bird.)

    例句: Thou toldest a great story.

    (=You told a great story.)

    b. 第三人稱單數, 時態變化後+(e)th

    例句: He maketh me feel happy.

    (=He makes me feel happy.)

    例句: He singeth like a bird.

    (=He sings like a bird.)

    例句: He toldeth a great story.

    (=He told a great story.)

    4. 動詞例外

    a. Be動詞

    第二人稱現在式 art

    例句: Thou art beautiful.

    (=You are beautiful.)

    第二人稝過去式 wert

    例句: Thou wert the tallest in the class before.

    (=You were the tallest in the class before.)

    b. Have

    第二人稱現在式 hast

    例句: Thou hast to go to the church every Sunday.

    (=You have to go to the church every Sunday.)

    第三人稱現在式 hath

    例句: She hath the longest hair in her family.

    (=She has the longest hair in her family.)

    c. Do

    第二人稱現在式 dost

    例句: Thou dost thy best.

    (=You do your best.)

    第三人稱現在式 doth

    例句: The old man doth not know what to do.

    (=The old man does not know what to do.)

    另外, 也可以參考列網址提供的各種代名詞, 古英文(Archaic English) vs.現代英文(Modern English)的對照表:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_personal_pron...

    2010-07-02 10:30:49 補充:

    Dear fly

    很抱歉我沒能解答Q2, 因為我也沒買過

    但我在網路上有查到幾個Archaic English vs. Modern English的對照

    你可以參考一下:

    1. http://www.fact-archive.com/encyclopedia/List_of_a...

    2. http://phrontistery.info/archaic.html

    2010-07-02 10:31:10 補充:

    3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:@pple/List_of_ar...

    2010-07-02 10:31:43 補充:

    4. 可能的書籍:

    J. O. Halliwell (Phillips): A Dictionary of Archaisms and Provincialisms, Containing Words now Obsolete in England All of Which are Familiar and in Common Use in America, 2nd ed.; London, 1850. (摘自http://www.bartleby.com/185/11.html)

    2010-07-02 10:31:52 補充:

    5. 可能的書籍:

    Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary: With additional material from A Thesaurus of Old English [Hardcover] (摘自: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Historical-Thesaurus-Oxfor...

  • 7 年前

    不好意思!

    評價內容選字錯誤,應為「令人獲益良多的解說!^_^ 」才是。 ="=|||

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