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genki
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genki 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

這些英文句子有錯誤嗎? 錯在哪?

Assuming that the following sentence are ill-forned, please say why they are ill-formed.

1.Could you turn off the fire and on the light?

2.Your mother won't put(and your wife is fed) up with your disgusting behavior.

3.I know the truth, and that you are innocent.

4.A nuclear explosion would wipe out plant life and out animal life.

5.He ran down the road and down the President.

3 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    基於問題本身之深度,在此不保證以下修正為最佳或最正確,但還是依照原文出處之要旨作解釋。

    1. Could you turn the fire off and the light on?

    (較確定的改正:Could you turn off the fire and turn on the light?)

    off 和 on 都是副詞性質,用來修飾動詞 turn,而在原句裡會被看成兩個介系詞片語對等 (off the fire 和 on the light),不但與原意不符,且 off 和 on 文意上不與後面的名詞結合 (turn off the fire,而非 turn off the fire)。

    2. Your mother won't put up with your disgusting behavior (and your wife is fed up with it).

    put up with (忍受) 是一動詞片語,而 fed up (感到厭煩) 也是另一個,不可因為兩者都用 up with 就只對等動詞 put 和 fed。還有,兩者用到的 with 也有所不同;前者須與 put up 一起才可表達完整意思 (put up with your disgusting behavior) ,而後者跟緊接在後的名詞或名詞片語,構成介系詞片語 (fed up with your disgusting behavior)。

    試想 put up with 為“及物“動詞片語,而 fed up 為"不及物"動詞片語。

    3. I know the truth, and that you are innocent.

    the truth 是名詞片語,而 that you are innocent 是名詞子句,兩者詞性不一致,不可互相對等。

    個人改法可能會將 that you are innocent 改成名詞片語 your innocence,並將逗號去掉。(the truth 和 that you are innocent 不一定在說同樣的東西)

    4. A nuclear explosion would wipe out plant and animal life.

    wipe out 是動詞片語,之中的質詞(副詞) out 與後面的名詞片語文意上毫無關係,無法構成片語。以上修改拿形容詞 plant 和 animal 來對等。

    5. He ran down the road and ran down the President.

    (他沿著路跑下去,並說著總統的壞話。)

    第一個 run down 是"沿著... 跑",之中的 down 是介系詞性質,與後面的 the road 構成介系詞片語,而不與前面的 run 構成動詞片語。第二個 run down 則相反了:down 是質詞(副詞),修飾目標為 前面的 run 而非 the President,構成的動詞片語為"詆毀"的意思。

    2010-09-20 21:37:43 補充:

    第二個 run down 也可解釋為【撞倒】(沿著路跑的時候撞倒總統)。

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  • 匿名使用者
    10 年前

    1.Could you turn off the fire and on the right?

    2.Your wife won't put(and your wife is fed) up with your disgusting behavior.

    3.I know the truth (that) you are innocent.

    4.A nuclear explosion would wipe out plant life and animal life.

    5.He ran down the road to the President.

    看了改正後

    若仍不知WHY

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  • 10 年前

    1. Could you put off the fire and turn on the light?

    3. I know the truth-- that you are innocent.

    5. He ran down the President.

    參考資料: http://www.nciku.com.tw/
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