其霖 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

to be divided

1.The two doctors received an award of several thousand dollars_________.

(A)to be divided equally between them

(B)to be divided equally among them

(C)which was supposed to be divided in an equal way between them

(D)which was to be divided between them in such a way that they would each receive an equal share

這題答案不知為啥是(A),個人分析如下,請各位高手指導:

(A)本句猜測為:

The two doctors received an award of several thousand dollars.

An award of several thousand dollars can be divided equally between the two doctors.

所以還原為:

The two doctors received an award of several thousand dollars which can be divided equally between them.

如果還原成這樣的話,which應該是主詞,所以不能省略

改為不定詞的話,要刪除which(作受詞)+主詞+助動詞,變為to be divided,可是which作主詞應該不能省略,不知如何改為(A)的選項

(B)among 用於三者之間(X)

(C)猜測是連續兩個被動用法,沒有適當的關係代名詞作連接,且被提供、被分成等兩部分,可能與意不順,所以應該是錯的

(D)文法上好像看不出錯在哪,猜測是句子太冗長

3 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    想成兩句並成一句是OK的 但是思路不對

    The two doctors received an award of several thousand dollars. <-這裡OK

    但是以(A)的原句來看 第二句會是

    An award of several thousand dollars (is/was) to be divided equally between them. 被動式!

    因為第二句為被動式 所以在合併時is/was(以及所有be動詞)會被省略掉

    再舉一例

    I threw out the trash. The trash was left there by Amy.

    -> I threw out the trash left there by Amy.

    (B)的among要用在3人以上

    (C)的"in an equal way"通常沒人用 equally用的人比較多

    (D)太冗長

    參考資料: 自己
  • 阿玉
    Lv 4
    9 年前

    個人意見,請參考一下,C)D) 不應該使用WHICH子句來限定,如果前面有逗點,成為補述說明比較好,他們收到幾千元的獎金,獎金是用來兩人平圴分配的,(補述說明.  (限定的話),指的是他們收到應該被平均分配的奬金,翻譯上還是有些微差異,我想您了解限定和非限定形容詞子句是有不同語意.

       

    2010-09-24 23:11:18 補充:

    (A)to be divided equally between them,不定詞片語,表目的,打算這麼做

    修飾several thousand dollars 兩位醫生收到的獎金,是要被兩人平均分配的

  • 9 年前

    這應該是GMAT的修辭試題之類的題目。

    基本上,B的among是錯的,應指三者以上。

    而其他三者文法皆正確,但是不夠簡潔(succinct)。GMAT之類的修辭題要求文句盡量精簡。

    參考資料: Me
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