匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

關係代名詞.名詞子句=>急!!

All the thing that you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

After jogging,all that I need is a bottle of wather.

想請問,句中的第一個that.和第二個句子中的that

有何差異,是否第一個是關代,第二個是名詞子句的that?

這兩者又要如何區別呢?

3 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    All the things (that/which) you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    = All (that) you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    = Everything (that) you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    = What you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    All the things = All = Everything為主詞

    (that/which) you see in this room 關代引導的形容詞子句(主詞補語),修飾All the things,受格關代可省略

    belong to動詞

    my grandmother受詞

    先行詞+關代 = What 複合關係代名詞

    即All the things (that/which) =what

    What you see in this room為主詞

    After jogging,all (that) I need is a bottle of water.

    本句同上題,that為關代

    =After jogging,all the things (that /which) I need is a bottle of water.

    =After jogging,everything (that) I need is a bottle of water.

    =After jogging,what I need is a bottle of water.

    After jogging = After I jog 分詞構句,表時間的副詞子句

    all為主詞

    (that) I need關代引導的形容詞子句(主詞補語),修飾all,受格關代可省略

    is動詞

    a bottle of water主詞補語

    名詞子句(含間接問句) 完整的句子當主詞、同位語、補語或受詞

    < 1 >當主詞:that不可省略

    That the earth is round is true.

    = It is true that the earth is round.

    < 2 >當同位語:that不可省略

    The idea that the earth is flat is wrong.

    < 3 >當主詞補語:that通常不省略

    My first impression is that he is honest.

    < 4 >當受詞:that常省略

    Parents believe (that) their children are the best.

    < 5 >當補語:that可省略

    I’m glad (that) you can come to my party.

    2010-09-22 16:24:49 補充:

    <1 >

    That the earth is round 主詞

    = It虛主詞 ... ; that the earth is round. 真主詞

    < 2 >

    The idea主詞 ; that the earth is flat同位語

    < 3 >

    that he is honest 主詞補語

    < 4 >

    Parents主詞 ; believe動詞 ; (that) their children are the best 受詞

    < 5 >

    I’m glad ; (that) you can come to my party補語(修飾全句I’m glad)

    2010-09-22 16:35:00 補充:

    All the things ---All 為數量形容詞,修飾名詞the things,用複數動詞

    All---為代名詞,代替所有一切的事物(視為總稱),用單數動詞

    修正

    = All (that) you see in this room belongs to my grandmother.

    = Everything (that) you see in this room belongs to my grandmother.

    = What you see in this room belongs to my grandmother.

    2010-09-22 16:36:43 補充:

    以上修正部份為belongs to

    2010-09-22 16:45:46 補充:

    同理,修正…all the things…are a bottle of water.

    Sorry! 疏忽了動詞單複數的變化

    參考資料: Understanding and Using English Grammar、柯旗化新英文法、長春藤 英文文法
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    All the thing that you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    〔說明〕that you see是形容詞子句,修飾前面的名詞thing(先行詞),屬有限定功能的修飾語,所以用that連接.在子句之中,that也是動詞see的受詞,所以可省略.all在本句屬predeterminer,所以後面跟了一個the.

    After jogging, all that I need is a bottle of wather.

    〔說明〕that I need也是形容詞子句,修飾前面的代名詞all(先行詞),也是屬有限定功能的修飾語,所以用that連接,在子句之中,that是動詞need的受詞,故可省略.

    2010-09-22 14:39:22 補充:

    All the things that you see in this room belong to my grandfather.

    這句的主詞應用多數things

    在邏輯上,一間屋子裡的東西應為多數.

  • 9 年前

    第一句All the thing that you see in this room belong to my grandmother.

    這句裡面的"that"所引出的句子是在形容前面的"All the thing"所以是形容詞子句

    翻譯就是 全部你在房間看到的東西都是我奶奶的

    第二句After jogging,all that I need is a bottle of water

    這句裡面的"that"是指後面的"a bottle of water" 所以是名詞子句

    翻譯就是 慢跑完後 我所要的是一瓶水

    其實要區別兩個很簡單

    只要把句子翻譯出來

    以後遇到相關問題就能迎刃而解了^^

    參考資料: 才剛學完
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