匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 藝術與人文詩詞與文學 · 1 0 年前

急急急!!這是一篇關於睡眠的,希望可以翻一下

急急急

不要是直翻的中文

希望可以自己翻譯!

謝謝!

Summary

Insomnia is a prevalent sleep complaint amongst

older people, affecting physical and mental health

as well as many aspects of life quality and wellbeing.

For the lack of explicit guidelines for the

assessment and treatment of insomnia in older people,

this summary of available information represents the

best evidence to inform current practice. Clinicians

need to be more aware of their patients’ sleep and

conduct formal assessments as appropriate. Despite past

practice trends, non-pharmacological treatments should

be considered first for chronic insomnia as a means to

reduce dependency, adverse effects, and polypharmacy.

Behavioural treatment methods such as stimulus control

and sleep restriction are especially beneficial for older

insomniacs as they target maladaptive sleep habits.

Pharmacological treatment should be employed only

if insomnia persists, involving the careful patientspecific

consideration of the lowest effective dose, best

intermittence of dosing, shortest effective duration, best

gradual discontinuation scheme, and most effective

elimination half-life.

Key words: insomnia, elderly, treatment, sleep, review.

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Summary摘要

    Insomnia is a prevalent sleep complaint amongst older people, affecting physical and mental health as well as many aspects of life quality and wellbeing.

    失眠症,對年長者而言是最普遍的睡眠疾病,不單是對於身心狀態,且在生活品質與健康方面皆有影響。

    For the lack of explicit guidelines for the assessment and treatment of insomnia in older people,this summary of available information represents the best evidence to inform current practice.

    由於對年長者的失眠症缺乏明確判斷和診治的守則,此摘要提供資訊、敘述最常見的症狀,並告知現今的處置方法。

    Clinicians need to be more aware of their patients’sleep and conduct formal assessments as appropriate.

    臨床醫師需要多注意病患的睡眠及從舉止表現引導出適當的判斷。

    Despite past practice trends, non-pharmacological treatments should be considered first for chronic insomnia as a means to reduce dependency, adverse effects, and polypharmacy.

    不管以往是傾向如何處置,對於慢性的失眠症,應該要避免多重用藥,以降低藥物產生依賴和副作用,並以非藥物性的治療要先做首要考量。

    Behavioural treatment methods such as stimulus control and sleep restriction are especially beneficial for older insomniacs as they target maladaptive sleep habits.

    行為治療方法,如刺激性的抑制和睡眠限制,針對有不良睡眠習慣的年長失眠症患者,特別有所助益。

    Pharmacological treatment should be employed only if insomnia persists, involving the careful patient specific consideration of the lowest effective dose, best intermittence of dosing, shortest effective duration, best gradual discontinuation scheme, and most effective elimination half-life.

    藥物性的治療,應該只能用在有著特定因素的重度失眠症患者,且只能給於發揮藥效的最小劑量。最佳的服藥是要有週期性,在短時間內發揮藥效;而當逐漸好轉時,必須要停藥,如此才能有效的將藥物排出體外。

    Key words: insomnia, elderly, treatment, sleep, review.

    參考資料: 自己翻譯
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