玉琳 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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題目:甲乙種災害搶救建置程序初步規劃之研究-景美集應廟為例

摘要

古蹟、歷史建築災害搶救的觀念,在文化資產保存法中提到防災方面的法規,沒有很明確的說明,而消防單位在搶救同時,很少有事先與管理人溝通協調,使消防隊員以一般建築的模式處理古蹟、歷史建築,因此在火災搶救時及災後鑑識時,能夠提供消防滅火人員及鑑識專家正確操作流程,以避免造成二次災害發生,如:彰化元清觀、南韓崇禮門。

本研究將擬定甲、乙種緊急搶救圖,找出古蹟、歷史建築與一般建築物搶救方式及搶救重要的文物有所不同,讓消防隊員平時先能認知轄區內古蹟及歷史建築的特殊性,並提供日常防火管理作業之協助,最後以景美集應廟為例實際演習。景美集應廟創建於清同治六年(西元一八六七年)係地方宗教信仰的中心,信眾的匯集和膜拜,逐漸形成市集,才有「景美菜市場」及「景美夜市」的形成,目前廟宇遭四周市場包圍,淹沒其中,往往讓人忽視且不易發現。另因市場附著於集應廟四周,如遇火災極易釀成重大災害,消防隊雖位於附近,然缺乏平日救災演訓及救災動線不易進入,搶救恐有困難。

研究結果發現,大多數古蹟、歷史建築多為木構材料,一旦發生火災可能使火勢迅速蔓延。以景美集應廟作實際演習,必須結合管理人、社區民眾和消防局相互溝通、合作,並跟附近居民與攤販也能共同參與並協助,將災害減至最小,可以使民眾對於古蹟、歷史建築多一份了解及防護。

1 個解答

評分
  • Jessie
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Topic: The study on the preliminary standard rescure procedure of A and B diaster--Jingmei Chi -Ying Temple as an example.

    Abstract;

    There is no certain specification for rescuing monuments and historical buildings from fire on the cultural proterty preservation regulations. The fire department has little contact or workshop with the cultrual property preservation specialists. Hence, the fire department normally apply the standard fire operation procedure on monuments and historic buildings. In order not to suffer from the inconvenient damage on the historic buildings, the correct standard operation procedure of fire rescue and diaster forensics is needed.Yuan-Ching Temple in Chung-Hua and Namdaemun in South Korea are good examples.

    This research will develop A and B emergency rescue map. We will present the differences on how to find monuments and to rescue important heritage between historical buildings and the general buildings so that firefighters can have specific knowledge of monuments and historic buildings and provide daily fire management tasks in their serving districts later on. Here we will take Chingmei Chi-Ying Temple as an example and conduct the actual fire drill there.

    Jingmei Chi-Ying Temple was built in 1867. It was the center of local religion. Followers gather together to worship and gradually form the Jingmei Day Market and Jingmei Night Market. Now the temple is surrounded by the markets. People tend to overlook it and it is sort of difficult to spot it out right away. Since the markets are attached to the temple itself. Any small fire can easily lead to a major disaster. The loose daily natural disaster relief drills and hard-to-find rescue passage can harden the rescue..

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