difference between 3 words
So I have come up with 2 sets of 3 words that confuses me.
I know their definition but I wonder how will you use each of the words in a sentence.
In addition, I want to know the difference between them
(ie. how are they related)
yap, i meant "ascetic" what a big typo i just made.
well thank you so much ~
I think you meant "ascetic," correct? If so, ascetic is an adjective or noun referring to a strict lifestyle with many constraints on worldly pleasures, often to pursue a religious or spiritual goal. In other words, an ascetic individual refrains from pleasure in order to reach his/her spiritual goal. This reminds me of the monks in the Church.
Ex.1: The monks in the Medieval Period led ascetic lives.
Ex.2: The monk is an ascetic who denies all forms of pleasure.
"Austere" often gives me the impression of strict, bleak, and plain. It is very similar to ascetic, but I think the difference lies in the fact that austere does not have a religious connotation. It is simply an adjective that can be used to describe either sober strictness, or something severely simple.
Ex.1: The teacher teaches in an austere manner that intimidates every student.
Ex.2: The austere house has bare walls and plain furniture.
Now "martinet" isn't a word I've heard before, and by looking at the dictionary, it looks like it is again a word describing strict discipline. But the difference here is that this word refers especially to military people. Martinet is a noun that often refers to people in the military who determinedly follow strict rules.
Ex.1: Mr. Hamilton is a strict martinet who always follows the orders of the military.
I think "elude" and "evade" are very similar... They seem like they can be used interchangeably. Both are verbs meaning to avoid or to escape a situation by cleverness and trickery.
Ex.1: With a clever tongue, she easily eluded/evaded the question.
Ex.2: Sleep continues to elude/evade me, and I haven't slept for days.
Ex.3: The answer eludes/evades me; I can't seem to find the solution.
"Evasive" is simple. It comes from "evade" and is just the adjective form of it. It means tending to avoid or seeking to evade.
Ex.1: He keeps a reserved manner, giving evasive answers to our questions.
I hope that helped!
Good luck :)參考資料： me (Taiwanese-Canadian)