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operating system (OS)

Software that controls the operation of a computer, directs the input and output of data, keeps track of files, and controls the processing of computer programs. Its roles include managing the functioning of the computer hardware, running the applications programs, serving as an interface between the computer and the user, and allocating computer resources to various functions. When several jobs reside in the computer simultaneously and share resources (multitasking), the OS allocates fixed amounts of CPU time and memory in turn or allows one job to read data while another writes to a printer and still another performs computations.

The operating system (OS) sets the standards for all application programs that run in the computer. Applications "talk to" the operating system for all user interface and file management operations. An operating system performs the following functions.

User Interface

All graphics based today, the user interface includes the windows, menus and method of interaction between you and the computer. Prior to graphical user interfaces (GUIs), all operation of the computer was performed by typing in commands. Not at all extinct, command-line interfaces are alive and well and provide an alternate way of running programs on all major operating systems.

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  • 1 0 年前
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    operating system (OS)

    作業系統軟體(os)

    Software that controls the operation of a computer, directs the input and output of data, keeps track of files, and controls the processing of computer programs. Its roles include managing the functioning of the computer hardware, running the applications programs, serving as an interface between the computer and the user, and allocating computer resources to various functions.

    作業系統軟體係控制電腦運作的一種軟體,它指揮資料的輸入和輸出,記錄檔案,以及控制電腦程式的運行.它的主要任務包括管理電腦硬體運作,執行應用程式,作為電腦和使用者間的界面,以及分配電腦資源給各種不同的執行工作.

    When several jobs reside in the computer simultaneously and share resources (multitasking), the OS allocates fixed amounts of CPU time and memory in turn or allows one job to read data while another writes to a printer and still another performs computations.

    當數個工作序同時常駐在電腦並且共享電腦資源時(多工),作業系統會輪流分配固定量的cpu時間和記憶體給各工作序,或者讓某個工作序讀取資料同時另個工作序則送資料到印表機,而其他的仍然在執行運算。The operating system (OS) sets the standards for all application programs that run in the computer. Applications "talk to" the operating system for all user interface and file management operations. An operating system performs the following functions.

    作業系統制定了一套標準讓所有要在電腦上執行的應用程式(軟體)遵行。應用軟體"告訴"作業系統提供所有使用者界面和檔案管理操作。一個作業系統執行下列功能:

    User Interface使用者界面

    All graphics based today, the user interface includes the windows, menus and method of interaction between you and the computer. Prior to graphical user interfaces (GUIs), all operation of the computer was performed by typing in commands. Not at all extinct, command-line interfaces are alive and well and provide an alternate way of running programs on all major operating systems.

    今日全圖像式使用者界面包括視窗,選單及你和電腦間的互動。在全圖像式使用者界面(GUIs)出現前,所有電腦的操作都要靠打指令來執行.這種指令列界面並沒有完全絕跡,還好好的存在於所有主要作業系統,提供了執行程式的另一替代方法。

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