55555 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

(英文) paint 介係詞 以及 hike 單詞問題

原句:『We want to paint the walls yellow.』

問題:yellow 前面不用加介係詞嗎? 比如說 into 或是 to , 還是說 yellow 是副詞?

We are going to hiking. 跟

We are going to hike.

這兩句的 hiking 以及 hike 都可以當名詞嗎?

已更新項目:

關於第二題我把大家的答案整理一下

We are going to hike.

We are going to hiking.

按照 Miguel大 所說的

這兩句文法為錯,實際應為,We are going hike. 或是 We are going hiking. (在此我想把hike當名詞)

若將 Louis 答案考慮進去 We are going hike. 應為 We are going a hike.

然後照 Louis大大的答案

我那兩句似乎沒有文法問題而是習慣用語問題?

Nancy大大的拿答案則較接近Louis

2 個已更新項目:

所以說 hikng 是名詞,hike若要為名詞,就需要放冠詞在前面,那hiking為何就不用呢?

We are going to hike.

We are going to hiking.

go 不是不及物動詞嗎? 那在go後面加上to應該很合理吧,怎麼會文法不正確勒?

3 個解答

評分
  • Yuki
    Lv 5
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    原句:『We want to paint the walls yellow.』

    問題:yellow 前面不用加介係詞嗎? 比如說 into 或是 to , 還是說 yellow 是副詞?

    答:"yellow"在這個句子裡作形容詞用,修飾"the walls",把粉刷牆壁這件事講得更清楚,"paint the walls yellow"即「將牆壁粉刷成黃色」所以"yellow"前無須再加介係詞。

    We are going to hiking. 跟

    We are going to hike.

    這兩句的 hiking 以及 hike 都可以當名詞嗎?

    答:We are going to hiking. 文法是錯誤的!

    符合文法的說法應為:

    We are going hiking. (hiking作動名詞)

    We are going to hike. (hike為原形動詞,是不定詞"to hike"的一部分)

    We will go hiking. (hiking作動名詞)

    一個英文句子只能有一個動詞,若欲於該動詞之外再追加動詞,則須以「連接詞」連接,或作出相關的「動詞變化」。如動名詞(Ving)或不定詞(to Vrt)等。

    2010-10-28 16:13:55 補充:

    "go + Ving"的用法在文法上屬於「動名詞的慣用語」,慣用語是固定語法,為一組動詞片語,其中的Ving是動名詞。

    倘若不以「動名詞的慣用語」表達,文法上則需用"go + to Vrt"表示,其中的"to Vrt"為不定詞,作副詞修飾語,修飾不及物動詞"go",進一步把go講清楚。

    2010-10-28 16:18:51 補充:

    因此,提問所舉的兩個句子:

    We are going to hiking. 文法是錯誤的。

    We are going to hike. 文法是正確的。

    請進一步參閱各版本英文文法書。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    1. We want to paint the walls yellow.

    yellow是形容詞當本句的受詞補語。不需要加介系詞。

    2.We are going to go hiking.才符合習慣用法。to go hiking是去遠足的講法。hiking屬動名詞。

    to hike也可當及物動詞用,如:to hike prices是猛提高物價。會有受詞。

    hike可當名詞用,如:We went for a hike through the woods on Sunday.會需要加冠詞在hike前。

    你給的兩個句子都不符英語的習慣用法。

    2010-10-28 16:29:58 補充:

    We are going to go hiking.其中有兩個go,句子太累贅了.

    宜寫成We will go hiking.較簡潔.

  • 9 年前

    原句:『We want to paint the walls yellow.』

    I would like to say, it is better to say in this way : We want to paint the walls in yellow"

    Hike and hiking is very diiferent : It doesn't sound right to say " We are going to hike"

    In normal speaking English, we normally say " We go hiking " instead !!

    Hope you understand what I mean !!

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