promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
S
Lv 4
S 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

what is the situation?中主詞是哪個?

what is the situation?中主詞是哪個?

是what還是the situation?

另外What is that?中主詞是哪個?

是what還是that?

另外Who is he?中主詞是哪個?

是what還是he?

假如what is the situation?中主詞是the situation的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what the situation is"對嗎?

假如What is that?中主詞是that的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what that is"對嗎?

假如Who is he?中主詞是he的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what he is"對嗎?

要是把what is the situation?接在What do you think...?中的話,是變成What do you think is the situation?還是What do you think the situation is?

要是把what is that?接在What do you think...?中的話,是變成What do you think is that?還是What do you think that is?

問了很多,麻煩解答一下,謝謝

已更新項目:

謝謝解答,不過呢,"What do you think is the situation?"是今年新編之龍騰版高中英文第3冊第7課裡的「課文句子」,所以您的意思是「那句全台灣高中生目前正在讀的課文中的其中一句」是『錯』的嗎?不過呢,那課文是台灣人寫的,所以我也不能說那一定是錯的。

2 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    一、分析:

    「間接問句」句型與「猜測動詞」句型:

    (1) Do you know / I don't know / Ask me / Tell me + 疑問詞+ (主詞)+ 動詞

    (2) 疑問詞+ do you 【say / think / guess / believe / consider / imagine / suppose 】+ (主詞) + 動詞 ?

    *請注意:如果上述句型的疑問詞是who / what / which,動詞是「be 動詞」時,就會有兩種提問方式【(1) 以「主詞」進行提問;(2) 以「補語」進行提問】,因此其間接問句也就會有不同的語序。

    1. 以「主詞」進行提問:

    *Who is the best player here ? 誰是這兒最好的選手?

    (這是就「主詞」進行提問:可能的回答是「John」is the best player here.。)

    *間接問句:(有兩種語序)

    (1) who is the best player here

    (2) who the best player here is

    2. 以「補語」進行提問:

    *What is the time ? 現在幾點鐘了?

    (這是就「補語」進行提問:可能的回答是The time is 「4:30」.,不能說4:30 is the time.。)

    *間接問句:(只有一種語序)

    what the time is

    二、解答:

    (1) What is the situation? 的可能回答是:The situation is~~.,不能說:~~is the situation.。因此,這問句中主詞是the situation,補語是what,是屬【以「補語」進行提問】,因此,其間接問句(名詞子句)只有一種語序,就是:what the situation is。

    (2) What is that? 的可能回答是:That is~~,不能說:~~is that.。因此,這問句中主詞是that,補語是what,是屬【以「補語」進行提問】,因此,其間接問句(名詞子句)只有一種語序,就是:what that is。

    (3) Who is he? 的可能回答是:He is~~,不能說:~~is he.。因此,這問句中主詞是he,補語是who,是屬【以「補語」進行提問】,因此,其間接問句(名詞子句)只有一種語序,就是:who he is。

    (4)如解答(1),既然What is the situation? 的間接問句是:what the situation is,因此配合what do you think 的句型,整句就是:What do you think the situation is?

    (5)如解答(2),既然What is that? 的間接問句是:what that is,因此配合what do you think 的句型,整句就是:What do you think that is?

    P.S. 台灣人所編的教材,其實偶而也會出錯(只要是人,都有可能犯錯)。如果您想要糾正該出版社的錯誤,建議您必須引經據典,可參閱「英語用法指南 Practical English Usage(第三版)」第 402、403 頁,牛津大學出版社,作者:Michael Swan(英國著名的語言學家)。

    參考資料: 參考資料 「活用圖解英文法(B本)」第 213 頁,建弘出版社;「英語用法指南 Practical English Usage(第三版)」第 402、403 頁,牛津大學出版社,作者:Michael Swan(英國著名的語言學家)(本書適合想瞭解更高階、更深入的英語用法的人)
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    what is the situation?中主詞是哪個?

    是what還是the situation?

    [說明]主詞是the situation

    What is there?的主詞才是what(見遠東新世紀辭典1576頁what當疑問代名詞的用法說明1a及1b)

    另外What is that?中主詞是哪個?

    是what還是that?

    [說明]主詞是that

    另外Who is he?中主詞是哪個?

    是what還是he?

    [說明]主詞是he

    假如what is the situation?中主詞是the situation的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what the situation is"對嗎?

    [說明]是的。

    假如What is that?中主詞是that的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what that is"對嗎?

    [說明]是的。

    假如Who is he?中主詞是he的話,改成名詞子句後,會變成"what he is"對嗎?

    [說明]是的。

    要是把what is the situation?接在What do you think...?中的話,是變成What do you think is the situation?還是What do you think the situation is?

    [說明]是What do you think the situation is?因為問句的主要部分己經倒裝了。當think的受詞的名詞子句主詞和動詞不可再倒裝,疑問字what移前即可。

    要是把what is that?接在What do you think...?中的話,是變成What do you think is that?還是What do you think that is?

    [說明]是What do you think that is?道理同上。當think受詞的what that is主詞和動詞不倒裝,疑問字what移前即可。

    2010-11-01 13:33:50 補充:

    What do you think he wants?

    p.1555 think的例句Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    What do you suppose she will do?

    p.1388 suppose的例句 遠東新世紀英漢辭典

    Who does she think she is?

    p.1622 thiink 14例句Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    在上列字典中都沒有看到像龍騰版英文那種寫法

    2010-11-01 14:01:08 補充:

    What is the situation?

    What do you think the situation is?

    在第二句中,第二句就成了間接問句。所以不會成為倒裝句。

    What did you think of his speech?

    這裡的受詞是what,介系詞片語of his speech是受詞補語。

    但名詞子句不受介系詞管束,故後面是名詞子句時,不用介系詞。

    所以名詞子句the situation is xxx是一個遭刪去的介系詞的受詞,在此做受詞補語用。

    2010-11-01 14:03:55 補充:

    對不起寫錯了

    what才是受詞補語,因為是疑問字,所以移前。

    think of是動詞片語,因為think當不及物動詞用,所以補上介系詞才能加上受詞his speech

    2010-11-01 14:24:23 補充:

    換個角度來想

    You think the situation is bad.(名詞子句the situation is bad是動詞think的受詞)

    把子句的主詞補語bad換成疑問詞what後,必須移到句前,並造成主句成為疑問句的倒裝結構(增加助動詞後,放到主詞之前:

    What do you think the situation is?

    原當受詞的名詞子句不應是問句結構。

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。