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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

幫忙翻譯英文Belief的定義內容

belief, a mental attitude of acceptance or assent toward a proposition without the full intellectual knowledge required to guarantee its truth. Believing is either an intellectual judgment or, as the 18th-century Scottish Skeptic David Hume maintained, a special sort of feeling with overtones that differ from those of disbelief. Beliefs have been distinguished according to their degree of certainty: a surmise or suspicion, an opinion, or a conviction. Belief becomes knowledge only when the truth of a proposition becomes evident to the believer. Belief in someone or something is basically different from belief that a proposition is true.

此內容取自大英百科全書的網路版

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  • 1314
    Lv 6
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    belief, a mental attitude of acceptance or assent toward a proposition without the full intellectual knowledge required to guarantee its truth. Believing is either an intellectual judgment or, as the 18th-century Scottish Skeptic David Hume maintained, a special sort of feeling with overtones that differ from those of disbelief. Beliefs have been distinguished according to their degree of certainty: a surmise or suspicion, an opinion, or a conviction. Belief becomes knowledge only when the truth of a proposition becomes evident to the believer. Belief in someone or something is basically different from belief that a proposition is true.

    相信, 是一種精神上的態度, 關於接受或同意一項提議, 而完全沒有挾帶智能

    知識用以證明其真實性. 相信既是一種智能判斷, 也是十八世紀蘇格蘭懷疑論

    者David Hume所主張的一種特殊感的弦外之音, 與不相信對立. 相信一詞已根

    據各種不一樣的肯定程度作區分: 臆測或懷疑, 意見或主張. 當提議的真實性

    對相信者已顯而易見時, 相信就會變成知識. 信仰某人或某事基本上和相信提

    議是真實的不一樣.

    參考資料: myself
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  • 10 年前

    belief, a mental attitude of acceptance or assent toward a proposition without the full intellectual knowledge required to guarantee its truth.相信是對於論點(proposition或譯為陳述)還沒有完全的知識以確保它的真實性時的接受或同意的心靈態度。Believing is either an intellectual judgment or, as the 18th-century Scottish Skeptic David Hume maintained, a special sort of feeling with overtones that differ from those of disbelief.相信要不就是智力的判斷,要不就是像18世紀蘇格蘭懷疑論者David Hume所主張的:一種與不信相反的的特殊感覺。Beliefs have been distinguished according to their degree of certainty: a surmise or suspicion, an opinion, or a conviction. 根據確定的程度,相信被區分為:臆測(或懷疑)、意見、或是信念。Belief becomes knowledge only when the truth of a proposition becomes evident to the believer. 只有在論點的真實性對相信者來說變得明顯之後,相信才變成了知識。Belief in someone or something is basically different from belief that a proposition is true.相信某人或某事與相信某個論點為真基本上是不同的。

    上面是按原文翻譯,下面我用簡單口語加上例子來解釋說明,你會更容易明白:

    基本上它在解釋相信是什麼。"相信"是一個人在還沒有完全的知識去判斷真假前,就已經接受或同意了的心靈狀態。舉例來說,某人接到電話說他中獎了,須先付一筆稅金。這人一聽尚未求證就"相信"了。一個人會相信,要嘛就是由智力判斷,要嘛就是憑感覺。一個人相信的程度最強的是信念(例如宗教或政治等等的信念),其次是意見,而當一個人半信半疑時當然他是不怎麼相信。如果一個人確定論點的真假變得明顯後,相信就變成了知識。牛頓相信有萬有引力,當他用數學原理證明該論點後,萬有引力就是知識了。

    參考資料: http://www.tfd.com/ ,yahoo 字典,科學名人堂
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