雷馬克 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

初學者文法請教:被動的分詞構句 怎麼改寫?

各位大大 您們好

我知道被動分詞構句如下

He was hit by a bus.

He was sent to a hospital.

==>被動分詞構句以P.P.改寫如下

Hit by a bus , he was sent to a hospital.

但是剛剛看到會話書上有一句

A: I am laid off . 我被解雇了!

B: Being laid off isn"t fun . <==請問這句算分詞構句嗎?

(怎麼不是用P.P .?)

不懂!! 還是動名詞?!

請幫忙解析 非常感謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    被動的分詞構句 怎麼改寫

    1.兩個主詞相同則刪掉前面的,不同則保留。

    2.第一句的動詞要變現在分詞(v-ing)

    3.若是be,則變為being,可省略,以強調"因為......"的意思。

    4.如為否定的分詞構句,not要放在前面。

    ex1: She is sick of studying, she runs away from school.(x)

    -----主詞相同,前面的she去掉。

     ------is改為 being (可省略)

     變成:

    Being sick of studying ,she runs away from school.

    =Sick of studying , she runs away from school. (省略being)

    ex2: The girl was not satisfied with the dress, her mother decided to buy her another. (x)

    -------主詞不同則保留。

    -------was 改為being,not 要放前面

    變成:

    The girl not (being) satisfied with the dress, her mother decided to buy her another.  

    * * * * * * *

    Being laid off isn"t fun . <==請問這句算分詞構句嗎?

    由以上可知,這不是分詞構句 是動名詞當 主詞,後面要用單數的動詞。

  • 1314
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    過去分詞不可以當主詞, 但 (Being) hit by a bus, he was sent to a hospital.此處的being是被省略掉, 因為它是一個過去分詞的構句, being不是當主詞而Being laid off isn't fun.此處的being不可以省略, 因為being laid off 當主詞是講being laid off 這件事情, 跟現在分詞和不定詞一樣, 動詞要用單數

    2010-11-21 17:55:22 補充:

    說錯了, 更正最後一句, 跟動名詞和不定詞一樣, 動詞要用單數

    參考資料: myself
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    Being laid off isn"t fun.

    因為Being laid off 它把它當作一件事

    所以後面才會加isn''t 這個單數be動詞

    希望這個答案能幫助到你:D

    2010-11-21 17:53:27 補充:

    所以那句話不是分詞構句喔!

    Hit by a bus , he was sent to a hospital. 這個才是

    主詞都是he

    連接詞刪掉

    然後改被動或主動

    其他照抄就好了:)

    參考資料: myself :D
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