晴。 發問時間: 教育與參考考試 · 10 年前

請教高手...研究所英文考題5題...

此為99年研究所英文考題

有五題知道解答後還是不懂

希望有高手能一一解答各題文法&為什麼不能選其他項

1._____pause to answer criticism of my work and idea.

A)Do I seldom B)Seldom do I C)Seldom I do D)none of the above

2.James Figg was the first boxer _____ as a heavyweight champion.

A)to recognize B)who recognized C)to be recognized D)recognizing

3.By the church over there ___ a banyan tree that was planted by my

father ten years ago. A)it stands B)there has C)has D)stands

4.____ a problem,you have to analyze it first,and then try ro find a solution.

A)Facing with B)Faced with C)in face of D)in facing with

5."If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates anunreasonableimpatience, I beg you to forgive me. If I have said anything that understates the truthand indicates myhaving a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg Godto forgiveme." Which of the following is NOT true about the quoted sentence?

A)the speaker thinks being forgiven by GOD is more important than being forgiven by others

B)the speaker would rather overstate the truth and understate the truth C)the speaker would prefer to settle for anything less than brotherhood D)the speaker would rather be impatient with his critics so that he can be faithful to GOD.

1 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    1.

    (a) Do I... 是問句, 錯.

    (b) 對. Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and idea. = I seldom do pause to answer criticism of my work and idea. 放在句首是十分強調 seldom 的語意.

    (c) 錯. 時間副詞 seldom 習慣放在 finite verb ('do') 之前.

    2.

    'recognize as' 視為.

    'to be recognized as' 被視為.

    故只有 (c) 對.

    3.

    By the church over there ___ a banyan tree (that was planted by my father ten years ago.

    顯然主句同時缺乏 subject 與 predicate (finite verb),

    故只有 (a), (b) 兩個可選;

    (a) it stands 可.

    (b) there has 錯, 要用 there was / there is / there has been.

    'there' 前置當導引作用的副詞時, 之後只應接不及物動詞.

    但 'has' 這裡語意是 "有" (及物動詞).

    除非 'has' 是當助動詞, 因為 'has been' 也只是不及物動詞.

    ex.

    There comes a guy. (對).

    *There gives an apple. (錯, 因為 'give' 是及物動詞).

    4.

    ____ a problem, you have to analyze it first, and then try to find a solution.

    (a) Facing with 錯. face 是及物動詞, 不需要 with.

    可用 Facing a problem, you have to analyze it first, and then try to find a solution.

    (b) Faced with 對. 整句是: (If you are) faced with a problem, you have to analyze it first, and then try to find a solution.

    (c) 只有 'in the face of' 這片語, 沒有 'in face of'.

    (d) 的確偶有人這樣用, 我不敢說錯; 但少用為妙.

    5.

    ."If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me. If I have said anything that understates the truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me."

    中文:

    如果我言過其實, 讓你無法忍受, 請你原諒.

    如果我言不及實, 讓我追求比友情更不值的一切, 請老天爺原諒吧.

    (a) The speaker thinks being forgiven by GOD is more important than being forgiven by others. (對)

    (b) The speaker would rather overstate the truth and understate the truth. (錯)

    (c) The speaker would prefer to settle for anything less than brotherhood. (對)

    (d) The speaker would rather be impatient with his critics so that he can be faithful to GOD. (對)

    這種二分法(非黑即白)的題目,

    不要太認真用邏輯思考.

    一旦認真起來,

    只要文中沒講的推論,

    統統都錯.

    這信是出自 Martin Luther King,

    全文見此:

    http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Articles_Gen/Letter_Bi...

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