kaka 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

[英文]副詞的順序

已爬過文,只是想映證觀念是不是正確

上禮拜他曾經獨自在這裡吃晚餐

下列哪個比較適合?

1)He ate dinner alone here ever last week

2)He ever ate dinner alone here last week

若寫成2)又應該怎麼翻譯中文?

若把曾經改成總是,動詞是否要從ate改成eats呢?

已更新項目:

Dear Cavalier & Louis &Ah Li

謝謝大家的精闢的回覆,沒想到我抓一個頻率副詞(ever)來充當卻發生這麼多文法錯誤

2 個已更新項目:

Dear Cavalier

後面有點疑問

He once ate dinner alone here during last week.

He once ate dinner alone here back in high school days

1)上兩句的once各代表哪一種副詞?

1.1)once是否為頻率副詞 若是,又和下列網址所回覆的有所出入?

2)第2句的翻譯應該為?

3)有once during /once.... during/once...back那是否有once back

3.1)這是片語嗎@.@我翻字典找不到

麻煩您了謝謝

3 個已更新項目:

Dear Louis

He always eats dinner alnoe here.

always是否為頻率副詞 若是,又和下列網址所回覆的有所出入

http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

麻煩您了謝謝

4 個已更新項目:

Dear Cavalier

因為查看知識有一篇是針對副詞的排序

http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

內容提到

動詞後面的副詞排列順序如下:

狀態副詞, 方向副詞, 地方副詞, 頻率副詞, 時間副詞, 目的副詞, 副詞片語或子句.

所以才會想問是不是一個句子的副詞排序都得依照上述的排列才算正式呢?

5 個已更新項目:

Dear Louis

我翻過書籍,書上也寫頻率副詞宜放be之後,一般動詞之前

eg:He is usually late to school

He usually gets up at six every day

可是這是因為就單一個副詞 如果多個不同種類副詞的排序呢?

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    ever = at any time所以不會和確定的時間點last week同時用,所以你的兩句都不適合。應刪去ever。

    dinner通常的搭配動詞是have,What do you eat for dinner?才會用eat.

    你可以寫成 Last week he had dinner alone here.(強調時間點重要時)或He had dinner alone here last week.(不特別強調時間點時,放在地點的後面)均可。

    如果狀況是always,表示不受時間點影響,動詞可用簡單現在式:

    He always eats dinner alnoe here.

    2010-12-22 16:28:06 補充:

    打錯了一個字alone

    2010-12-22 17:33:47 補充:

    always的頻率是100%

    never的頻率是0%

    都是頻率副詞,和次數有關。

    2010-12-22 17:39:12 補充:

    always放在動詞前沒有什麼問題。

    字典例句:I always get the eight o'clock trani.

    見Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 eiditon p.44 always的第一個例句,always = on every occasion。

    2010-12-22 17:40:10 補充:

    train誤打成trani

    2010-12-23 20:47:16 補充:

    多個副詞或副詞片語在一起時,其順序是:manner + place + time (即how + where + when)或movement + location (即how + where)

    或按時間順序如:The car rolled downhill towards the village.先下山,再到村莊。

    多個和時間有關的副詞時,順序是:how long + how often + when。

    如I see her for a few hours every Friday.

    2010-12-23 20:51:01 補充:

    但較長和較複雜的副詞,多向句子後面移動。

    較小的時間單位應在前:

    I'll see you at half past nine on Friday.

    He spent the whole night pacing up and down in his bedroom. (movement + location)

    Meet me in the backyard tomorrow after. (place + time)

    2010-12-23 20:55:03 補充:

    副詞如有兩個可能修飾的對象時,要注意位置:

    This afternoon, he said he'd call me.(清楚)

    He said he'd call me this afternoon.(清楚)

    如果寫成He said this afternoon he'd call me.是不清不楚的。

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  • 10 年前

    版主的句子中「曾經」的表達是錯誤的.

    上禮拜他曾經獨自在這裡吃晚餐.

    1)He ate dinner alone here ever last week. (X)

    2)He ever ate dinner alone here last week. (X)

    He ate dinner alone here last week. (O) ← 刪除ever

    He ate dinner alone here once during last week. (O) ← 用once during

    He once ate dinner alone here during last week. (O) ← 用once...during

    He once ate dinner alone here back in high school days. (O)←較久遠的曾經

    上面的正確句子中, 也交待了並用各副詞的順序.

    ever只用於下列句型, 多半是加強語氣, 而非「曾經」之意:

    否定句:I don't think I will ever love anyone again.

    命令句:Don't ever touch that again.

    疑問句:Have you ever seen a falling star?

    假設句:If you ever come to Taiwan again, let me know in advance.

    注意對照:

    Have you seen that before? (現在完成式發問就已有「曾經」之意)

    Have you ever seen that before? (多了ever有表示驚訝的含意, 而非為了表達「曾經」之意)

    Yes, I have ever seen that. (X) (肯定語意無需表示驚訝)

    Yes, I have once seen that. (O) (once才是「曾經」之意)

    2010-12-22 16:31:53 補充:

    ever作「曾經」語意用於肯定句時, 幾乎都與最高級形容詞、the only, the very, the first, the last, the least, the most....等連用, 否則ever不用於肯定句:

    請版主用"have ever"帶引號google一下, 會有深刻的瞭解.

    2010-12-22 16:34:02 補充:

    訂正: .....否則ever不用於肯定句作「曾經」語意.

    2010-12-23 08:52:39 補充:

    eat dinner與have dinner都是可以的, 只是一個較中性、一個較文雅, 如同中文的「吃晚飯」與「用晚餐」.

    2010-12-23 09:04:55 補充:

    為什麼ever在疑問句意思可以是「曾經」, 在肯定句卻不能用來表達「曾經」呢?

    因為ever = at any time, 在疑問句發問者不知答案, 所以可以用「任何時候(曾經)...過嗎」; 而回答者有確定答案, 當然不可說任何時候, 而要用once或several times之類來表達「曾經」了.

    2010-12-23 09:17:29 補充:

    回版主:

    1) once是頻率副詞, 只高於never一級, 跟rarely差不多.

    2) He once ate dinner alone here back in high school days.

    早在唸中學時他曾經獨自在這裡吃過晚餐.

    3) once back不是片語.

    back是跟後面的"in xxx"一起看的, 而頻率副詞可以移動, 所以當然是有可能形成"once back in"的, 例如:

    He visited here once back in 1997. 他早在1997年曾來過這裡.

    2010-12-23 22:38:50 補充:

    > 狀態副詞, 方向副詞, 地方副詞, 頻率副詞, 時間副詞, 目的副詞, 副詞片語或子句.

    這樣的副詞排列順序只是一般性原則, 並非絕對

    有時也會因為強調的程度而有所變動其順序.

    版主不妨常拿一些長句來驗證, 看看上面的順序靈不靈光.

    參考資料: 英語的表達首重語感.
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