匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

請問這句話的文法問題

To help these kids learn and grow, Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive.

Q1:這裡的「learn and grow」會用原型是因為「help」嗎?

Q2:「to help these kids learn and grow」是什麼?(副詞子句?) 主詞是什麼?

Q3:可不可以把「to help these kids learn and grow」移到最後面?變成:

Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive to help these kids learn and grow.

Q4:可不可以改成這樣:

Helping these kids learn and grow, Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive.

Q5:若如果改成上面那樣,也可以移到最後面嗎?變成:

Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive helping these kids learn and grow.

Q6:放句首跟句尾的差別是否只在於強調?

有很多不確定的問題,感覺好像可以這樣移來移去、改來改去,可是卻說不出理由,似懂非懂的,希望大大們可以多做解釋,非常感謝!

1 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    To help these kids learn and grow, Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal

    and didn't buy anything expensive.

    Q1:這裡的「learn and grow」會用原型是因為「help」嗎?

    是的, help後面的不定詞可以省略to.

    Q2:「to help these kids learn and grow」是什麼?(副詞子句?) 主詞是什麼?

    是獨立副詞子句, 修飾後面的整個主句, 主詞是Fr. Stephuns Jaschko.

    這個結構類似於分詞構句, 您可以在心裡面稱之為不定詞構句(非為文法術語).

    Q3:可不可以把「to help these kids learn and grow」移到最後面?變成:

    Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive

    to help these kids learn and grow.

    不適當, 因為可能引起理解歧異. 副詞片語易被拿來與其最貼近的動詞來做修飾理解. 這個主句是由一個肯定句與一個否定句以and連接而成, 如果把句首的副詞片語移往句尾, 會較貼近didn't buy, 與原先修飾整個主句的意思產生歧異之可能.

    Q4:可不可以改成這樣:

    Helping these kids learn and grow, Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal

    and didn't buy anything expensive.

    可以, 但意思上有略微差別:

    - 不定詞表目的, 動作未開始生效, 意思是「為了要...」

    - 分詞構句表示同時之動作, 意思是「幫著...」

    Q5:若如果改成上面那樣,也可以移到最後面嗎?變成:

    Fr. Setphuns Jaschko was always frugal and didn't buy anything expensive

    helping these kids learn and grow.

    不適當, 理由同Q3.

    Q6:放句首跟句尾的差別是否只在於強調?

    可以這麼說.

    如果本句的主句結構是簡單句只有一個動詞, 那麼副詞片語在句首與句尾都可以, 前者有強調功能.

    參考資料: 英文文法
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