Harry 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

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The initiatives at Betty’s Bay shows how a group of people, who enjoyed a measureof socio-economic and political advantage as a result of the apartheid political system,have managed to work together over a reasonable period of time. Now that the countryhas shifted radically towards a democratic political ideology, the challenge is to extendthe same social assumptions and thinking discussed in this chapter to other areas in thecountry particularly where a large proportion of the population are poor and marginal-ized. In these areas, where service delivery is weak and natural resources are degraded,environmentally-related self-help typically concerns public health, such as initiatives toimplement low-cost water and sanitation technologies (Carden et al.2007). SUMMARY。Involving the public can contribute towards sustainable development. Three case studies from the Cape area of South Africa illustrate that, through collective public action, individuals are likely to:a. Act beyond self-interest establish common goals based on shared norms and values, and take collective responsibility for environmental concerns.Contribute their local knowledge and apply specialized knowledge to the consequences of global environmental concerns.~

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  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    The initiatives at Betty’s Bay shows how a group of people, who enjoyed a measure of socio-economic and political advantage as a result of the apartheid political system,have managed to work together over a reasonable period of time. Now that the country has shifted radically towards a democratic political ideology, the challenge is to extend the same social assumptions and thinking discussed in this chapter to other areas in the country particularly where a large proportion of the population are poor and marginal-ized. In these areas, where service delivery is weak and natural resources are degraded, environmentally-related self-help typically concerns public health, such as initiatives to implement low-cost water and sanitation technologies (Carden et al.2007).

    在Betty's Bay達成的倡議顯示出一群在種族隔離制度下享受過社會經濟與政治利益的人們如何能設法來在一段不算短的時間裡工作在一起.現在整個國家已徹底的轉移朝向一個民主的政治意念,這項挑戰是如何來把在倡議中談到的對社會應有的設想與想法延伸到國內的其他區域,特別是那些大部分人口都是貧窮也被忽視的.在這一些區域,政府的服務措施薄弱,天然資源被剝削,與環保有關的自行救濟原則上涉及公共健康,措施像實行低成本的水和衛生條件的科技.(Carden與其他人在2007所提倡的)

    SUMMARY摘要。Involving the public can contribute towards sustainable development. Three case studies from the Cape area of South Africa illustrate that, through collective public action, individuals are likely to:a. Act beyond self-interest establish common goals based on shared norms and values, and take collective responsibility for environmental concerns.Contribute their local knowledge and apply specialized knowledge to the consequences of global environmental concerns.~

    讓大眾參與能對持續的發展做出貢獻.三個南非好望角區域的個案研究示範出來,經由大眾的合力行動,個人會很可能做出:A.做出超越自私利益並根據公眾分享的正常價值觀來建立普遍的大眾目標,且合力負起與環保有關的責任.貢獻他們當地的知識與實施特有的知識來對全球環保關心的結果.

    希望有幫助

    參考資料: jim
  • 10 年前

    在貝蒂的海灣的主動性怎麼顯示一群人,享受措施由於種族隔離政治系统的社會經濟和政治好處,设法在一個合理的时期。 即然國家根本地轉移了往一個民主政治思想體系,挑戰是延伸在本章和想法談論的同樣社會假定對在的其他區域特別人口一個大比例是穷和少量的國家ized。 在這些區域,送货服务是微弱的和自然资源被貶低,environmentally-related自助典型地有關公共卫生,例如主動性受到實施便宜的水和衛生技術(Carden和al.2007)。 總結. 涉及公眾可能貢獻往可持续发展。 從南非的海角地区的三個专题研究說明,通过集體公開行動,個體是可能的:a. 在利己主義之外的行動建立根据共有的準則和價值的共同目标,並且承担环境问题的集體责任。貢獻他們的地方知識並且申請專業知識於全球性環境concerns.~的後果

  • 10 年前

    貝蒂的灣倡議顯示一組人享有一種措施如何種族隔離的政治制度的結果的社會經濟和政治優勢設法合理時間內一起工作。現在,該國已經從根本上實現了民主的政治意識形態面臨的挑戰是擴展同一社會假設和其他地區的這一章中討論的思考,特別是人口的很大一部分有國家窮人和邊緣商務。在這些領域的服務是弱,並已降級的天然資源與環境有關的自助通常涉及公共衛生措施,例如,實施低成本的水和衛生設施的技術 (園林和 al.2007)。

    摘要。涉及公眾可以實現可持續發展作出貢獻。從南非的角區域的三個案例研究說明了通過集體的公共行動個人有可能:a.超出自身利益的行為建立共同目標基於共用的規範和價值觀念,和集體負責環境問題。貢獻其本地的知識和專門的知識于全球環境問題的後果。 ~

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