Fuj
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Fuj 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文選擇題兩題

1.__ so many people been out of work as today.(A) In the past, there never have(B)More than ever before(C)Never before have(D)Formerly ,there never were

2. Before patients’ blood pressure is measured in a doctor’s office,__ and at rest for at least 10 minutes appears to give more reliable results.(A)have them sat(B)having them sat(C)to have them sat(D)having them seated

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  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    1.__ so many people been out of work as today.

    (A) In the past, there never have

    (B)More than ever before

    (C)Never before have

    (D)Formerly ,there never were

    正解: (C)

    (A) In the past, there never have so many people been out of work as today.

    In the past的句子只能用過去簡單式, 故錯誤.

    (B)More than ever before so many people been out of work as today.

    這樣的句子沒有動詞, 故錯誤.

    (C)Never before have so many people been out of work as today.

    這是倒裝句, 還原是Never so many people have been out of work before as today. 文法正確, 故為正解.

    (D)Formerly, there never were so many people been out of work as today.

    又是were又是been, 文法錯誤

    2. Before patients’ blood pressure is measured in a doctor’s office,__ and at rest for at least 10 minutes appears to give more reliable results.

    (A)have them sat

    (B)having them sat

    (C)to have them sat

    (D)having them seated

    正解: (D)

    主句已有現在簡單式動詞appears, 所以需要一個名詞片語作主詞(Ving或to V皆可), 不可有兩個動詞, 先排除(A).

    having或to have是使役動詞, 後面的受詞動作必須是:

    - V原式(主動語意): having+O+VR 或

    - Vpp(被動語意): having+O+Vpp

    sit是主動動作, 不可用sat, 故排除(B),(C).

    seat動詞要用被動be seated, 使役動詞Having後面的受詞動作取Vpp形的seated完全正確, 故(D)為正解.

    2011-01-08 18:45:55 補充:

    第2題其實超簡單, 使役動詞後面不可能接sat, (A)(B)(C)一併淘汰, 就選(D)了.

    參考資料: 母語不是英語的我們, 要學好英文就必須下功夫搞定文法, 絕對不會白費.
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