神P 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法四題,麻煩大大們解說

麻煩大大解說一下,以下四題是100年中華電信招考英文試題

1.After eleven o’clock in the evening, the bus is empty ________ the driver and the conductor.

(1)besides (2)except (3)despite (4)except for

答案是(4),為何(2)不對呢?

2.Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication ________ the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

(1)in that (2)which (3)in which (4)because of

答案是(1),為何(2)(3)不對呢?

3.A study shows that intelligence accounts for only 20 percent of the factors that determine success,_______ EQ playing an important role in the remaining 80 percent.

(1)in (2)as (3)with (4)while

答案是(3),我寫(4)為何不對呢?不是也可以當但是反而之意嗎?

4.Telephone, television, fax and computer network all help people communicate with each other. Because ofthese devices, ideas and news of events 36 quickly all over the world. 37 , within seconds, people can

know the results of an election in Taiwan or Argentina. An international soccer match comes into the home ofeveryone 38 a television set. Thanks to modern technology like the four thousand 39 that circle the

world, information travels fast. For many people, the world has become smaller than it 40 in the past, whencommunication between continents was much more difficult. Now the possibility of contact between cultures has become far greater than ever before.

(2)36. (1)expand (2)spread (3)distribute (4)inform

(1)37. (1)For examole (2)In addition (3)By contrast (4)In conclusion

(3)38. (1)by (2)on (3)with (4)inside

(3)39. (1)meteors (2)orbits (3)sstellites (4)astronauts

(4)40. (1)is (2)will be (3)used to (4)used to be

這一篇我要問的是38題,我寫(1),by不是可以當做藉~方式嗎?藉著電視機方式,這樣文意不對嗎?on為啥也不對呢?(1)(2)(3)麻煩解說一下

已更新項目:

更正(39) (3)是satellites

2 個已更新項目:

謝謝大大們回答,

我大概都了解了,我去應考時

看到第1題也是之前看到趙振才那本英文大辭典,說已採寬容態度互用= =

我就選了(2),沒想到竟然錯了......

第2題我是選(3),我還是不了解為啥(3)錯了= =

第3題好像真的是(3),當時我看太快,EQ後面沒有be.v,所以as和while都不對

如果把with句子移前面好像就是答案了......

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.After eleven o’clock in the evening, the bus is empty ________ the driver and the conductor.

    (1)besides (2)except (3)despite (4)except for

    答案是(4),為何(2)不對呢?

    在概括性的話後面,尤其是all, every, no, everything, anybody, nowhere, whole等,except可以帶或不帶for,如: He ate everything on his plate except (for) the beans. I've cleaned all the rooms except (for) the bathroom.但在其它情況下,通常用except for.如:I've cleaned the house except for the bathroom.(見p.200 <牛津英語用法指南>)

    趙振才在朗文<英語常見問題大詞典>p.302說,傳統文法學者認為except是從同類事物中,排除其特殊的一個或幾個時用,except for是用在不同類事物上.但現代語言學家己採寬容態度,只有except for出現在句首時,才一定加for.

    這題按傳統文法觀念,只能選except for

    2.Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication ________ the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

    (1)in that (2)which (3)in which (4)because of

    答案是(1),為何(2)(3)不對呢?

    這題的答案應是(3) in which

    因為the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered in these forms of communication.

    in which = in these forms of communication

    in that是錯誤的,因為that變成了in的受詞時,是指示代名詞,不能再做關係代名詞用.只有which才能同時兼介系詞的受詞和關係代名詞.帶出一個形容詞子句.

    3.A study shows that intelligence accounts for only 20 percent of the factors that determine success,_______ EQ playing an important role in the remaining 80 percent.

    (1)in (2)as (3)with (4)while

    答案是(3),我寫(4)為何不對呢?不是也可以當但是反而之意嗎?

    as是給[原因],while是只[同時發生].從語意來看,前面有only 20 percent,後面的 playing an important role就是原因了.這句的前後資訊要有因果才合理,不是單純的同時發生.也不是[反而]的關係.

    4.

    這一篇我要問的是38題,我寫(1),by不是可以當做藉~方式嗎?藉著電視機方式,這樣文意不對嗎?on為啥也不對呢?(1)(2)(3)麻煩解說一下

    是因為動詞come的關係.這句用擬人法的描寫方式,一場國際足球賽[與]電視一起進入了一個人的家裡.所以才用come ... with,是一道來的意思.

    by通常是用在被動的動詞後面.才表示方法.on與inside通常是指位置,與come連用時,on的後面應是電視節目,不是電視本身.否則有[位於電視上]的語病.

    2011-01-17 23:20:53 補充:

    第二題的句子結構是

    A is distinguished from B in C.

    C= that the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered

    C是一個[名詞子句]當介系詞in的受詞,所以必須用that。

    in C是當述部的修飾語

    這題是個陷阱。讓人誤以為是形容詞子句。上當了。

  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://*****/

  • CM
    Lv 4
    10 年前

    1.After eleven o’clock in the evening, the bus is empty ________ the driver and the conductor.

    (1)besides (2)except (3)despite (4)except for

    答案是(4),為何(2)不對呢?

    àexcept for= if it were not for (如果沒有;要不是)。 所以After eleven o’clock in the evening, the bus is empty except for the driver and the conductor. 在晚上十一點後,公車上空無一人要不是司機和車掌。至於except= not including(除了…之外) Everyone on the bus is sleepy except the driver and the conductor. 車上的每個人都昏昏欲睡除了司機和車掌。

    2.Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication ________ the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

    (1)in that (2)which (3)in which (4)because of

    答案是(1),為何(2)(3)不對呢?

    àin that=because(因為)。其他都不是連接詞,這裏需要一個表示原因的連接詞連接兩個句子。整句的意思是:廣告不同於其他的溝通形式因為廣告者需對其所傳遞的訊息付費。

    3.A study shows that intelligence accounts for only 20 percent of the factors that determine success,_______ EQ playing an important role in the remaining 80 percent.

    (1)in (2)as (3)with (4)while

    答案是(3),我寫(4)為何不對呢?不是也可以當但是反而之意嗎?

    à用while的話,原句應修改成A study shows that intelligence accounts for only 20 percent of the factors that determine success while EQ plays an important role in the remaining 80 percent. 所以 with 是合乎文法的選擇。

    4.An international soccer match comes into the home of everyone 38 a television set.

    (3)38. (1)by (2)on (3)with (4)inside

    這一篇我要問的是38題,我寫(1),by不是可以當做藉~方式嗎?藉著電視機方式,這樣文意不對嗎?on為啥也不對呢?(1)(2)(3)麻煩解說一下à with(有)。整句的意思是:有了電視機,每個人在家就可收看國際足球賽。by(藉)及on (關於)並不適合整句句意。

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。