中大獎 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

請問who~whom?

1.On our way to the movie theater, we met five girls, two of____ wore red skirts. who whomans:whom~~為什麼不用who呢?

2.In our case, my husband and I visited Dustin’s class and noticed that the teacher, fresh out of college, *1*only on kids who scrambled to sit right under her nose. Dustin, who generally sat near the back, was ignored . We simply told him to move up front. He did, and his enth usiasm returned.Ans1:called~~為什麼用called不用calling呢???

感謝大家~

3 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    1. On our way to the movie theater, we met five girls, two of____ wore red skirts. who whom ans:whom~~為什麼不用who呢? 關代緊接介系詞之後時, 必須用受格, 所以用whom. 翻譯 在我們前往電影院的路上, 我們遇見五個女孩, 其中兩個穿著紅裙子. 2. In our case, my husband and I visited Dustin’s class and noticed that the teacher, fresh out of college, ______only on kids who scrambled to sit right under her nose. Dustin, who generally sat near the back, was ignored . We simply told him to move up front. He did, and his enthusiasm returned.

    Ans1:called~~為什麼用called不用calling呢??? noticed後面是連接詞that所引導的名詞子句, 既然是子句, 就必須有動詞, 所以先排除分詞calling. 這個called是過去式(主動語意)而非過去分詞(被動語意), 擔任子句中的主要動詞. 後面的who是子句中的關係子句, 動詞是scrambled. 翻譯 以我們的情況而言, 我先生和我到過達斯汀班上, 注意到他老師(大學應屆畢業)只關注那些聚坐在他面前的孩子們. 達斯汀通常坐在靠近後面的位子而被忽略了. 我們只叫他移坐到前面, 他照辦, 興緻就馬上回復了.

    2011-02-04 21:49:50 補充:

    Who/whom are you going to be with?

    我的答案與Huevos不同, 正解是Who與Whom皆正確, 主要用法是Who.

    現代美語已儘可能不用Whom作為疑問句的開頭, 只保留介系詞緊接whom的用法.

    Who will you play with tomorrow?

    = With whom will you play tomorrow?

    Who will you spend your birthday with?

    = With whom will you spend your birthday?

    2011-02-10 13:49:50 補充:

    >Who/whom are you going to be with?

    >改成直述:

    >You are going with he/him.

    順便指出這樣改是錯誤的, 漏了to be

    應是: You are going to be with him. = You will be with him.

    參考資料: 母語不是英語的我們, 要學好英文就必須下功夫搞定文法, 絕對不會白費.
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    two of whom這裡的of whom是用來修飾two的介系詞片語。

    whom是當介系詞的受詞,所以應用受格的whom,不能用主格的who。

  • Huevos
    Lv 6
    10 年前

    #1

    djyang在這個網頁中有到who跟whom的差異

    "whom(考試時不會錯的答案)

    who(非正式場合可以用,尤其是美式英語)

    教你個分辨的方法,把原句改成直述句,然後把who用he, him, they, them....等來代替,如果是he/they等等的主格代名詞順,那麼就是用who,反之則是whom

    Ex.

    Who/whom are you going to be with?

    改成直述:

    You are going with he/him. 介系詞後接受詞him --> ..going with him, 所以原句應該用whom"

    >> 相信以上的解釋回答了你對第一題的問題

    #2

    我先生跟我[去了]Dustin的教室而發現的那位剛畢業的老師只會對前面幾排的學生[問問題].

    >> 因為"去了"是過去式所以整個句子(包含call)都要用過去式.

    如果是"In our case, my husband and I were visiting Dustin's class and saw the teacher calling on him (Dustin)"就是不一樣的問題了

    >> 我先生跟我去Dustin的教室時看見老是正在叫他(Dustin)

    >> 因為"去的時候"是"過去式"而本人正在描述"那時發生的事情"所以要用現在式(V+ing).

    2011-02-04 14:41:38 補充:

    更改:

    老是 = 老師

    正在叫 = [正在叫]

    2011-02-04 23:43:56 補充:

    1. whom 在這裡是 who are 的意思

    兩位(都)穿紅色的裙子

    如果是是一人答式是who

    如果是兩人以上是whom

    但是要看情形而定(請參閱我以上所提共的)

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