rukawa 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

主句的主詞可否省略?

John swore to love his wife anytime. However, because now he found his wife could not get pregnant, decided to find a lover,

名詞出現第二次時可以省略,所以我省略了主句的主詞 I, 主句變成decided to find a lover,

但主句的主詞不見了,請問 decided to find a lover, 這文法對或錯?

已更新項目:

解惑不少,真是高手,但如果主句的主詞不能省略,可否解釋一下文法書內:名詞出現第二次時可以省略的意思?

名語出現第二次可以省略與主句的主詞不能省略是不是互相矛盾的文法?

3 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    John swore to love his wife anytime. However, because now he found his wife could not get pregnant, decided to find a lover.

    主句的主詞不見了,請問 decided to find a lover, 這文法對或錯?

    主句的主詞he不可省略.

    若想精簡一些, 可使用分詞構句:

    John swore to love his wife anytime. However, finding his wife could not get

    pregnant, he decided to find a lover.

    John swore to love his wife anytime. However, finding his wife unable to get

    pregnant, he decided to find a lover.

    主要子句的主詞是不可省略的, 除了以連接詞相連且共用主詞的第二句. 例如:

    However, he found his wife unable to get pregnant, and decided to find a lover.

    參考資料: 母語不是英語的我們, 學英文就必須搞懂文法, 別聽信某些不負責任的論調而鬆懈.
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    寫作時,為避免重複使用同一名詞,只要不會造成混淆,名詞是以代名詞的方式取代。

    只有祈使句,才會有主詞不見的現象,一般的句子必須有主詞。

    附屬子句和主要子句相同時,為避免重複用相同的代名詞,有時可將附屬子句改成分詞構句或介系詞片語等方式,以求修辭優美。

  • 10 年前

    John swore to love his wife anytime. However, because now he found his wife could not get pregnant, decided to find a lover,

    ...........我省略了主句的主詞 I, .........請問 decided to find a lover, 這文法對或錯?

    Ans:

    ( A ) 這個句子有兩個錯誤

    A-1:省略了主句的主詞(he)

    A-2 :((because now....))中的((now))必須去掉,

    因為整句都是過去式

    (B)這個句子中的((a lover))若改成(( another lover))會更好

    (C)((he found))若改成((he had found)應該更好

    其他,在此句中應使用分詞構句較為精簡漂亮,因已有其他達人說明過,故不再多作敘述.其實分詞構句的應用並不難的

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