匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

英文 請詳解

1. Rarely__A__ last longer than a few minutes.

(a) do earthquakes (b) earthquakes (c) earthquakes that (d) earthquakes do

2."Isn't it hard to drive downtown to work?"

"Yes. That's why I __C___ by train."

(a) have been gone (b) have went (c) have been going (d) will have gone

3.In many parts of the world, cell phones are more than __D__ of communication in everyday life.

(a) means (b) a mean (c) meaning (d) a means

4.In his opinion, if he'd listened to his parents, he _D_ better decisions.

(a) would make some (b) had made several (c) has made serveral (d) would have made some

3 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    1. Rarely__do earthquakes __ last longer than a few minutes.* do 在此為構成倒裝句的用法。

    ex: Little did he think he would win.(他根本沒料到他會贏。)為強調句中的某一部分或因為句子結構的需要而將一般敘述句的詞語位置

    變動而形成的句子稱為倒裝句,在倒裝句中,助動詞或 be 被放在主詞之前。

    ex: Hardly had I any time to finish it.= Hardly did I have any time to finish it.

    (我幾乎沒有時間完成。)

    *否定副詞如 hardly, never 等放在句首。 Only by boat can you go there. (只有坐船你才可以到那裡。)

    * only 放在句首。 Many times have I heard her sing. (好多次我聽到她唱歌。)

    * 頻率副詞放句首。 Were she my sister, I wouldn't let her go. (假如她是我妹妹,我不會讓她走。)

    * be 動詞放句首的假設語氣用法,省略了 if。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2."Isn't it hard to drive downtown to work?"

    "Yes. That's why I _have been going _ by train."

    have been going 用 ing 形式強調他到現在還是搭火車這個動作持續進行中。 (a) have been gone 已經去…,但動作已完成,只是述說曾有的經驗。

    (b) have went 用法不對,

    go --> went--> gone 表現在完成應用 過去分詞 have/ has +p.p.(過去分詞,也就是 gone)

    (d) will have gone 是未來完成式的用法,例:

    I will have gone to Taipei next Friday. (我下星期五會去台北。)

    問題問的是: 開在商業區開車工作是很難的。(因為交通擁擠)

    所以是答非所問。

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.In many parts of the world, cell phones are more than _a means_ of communication in everyday life.

    譯: 在世界上許多地方,行動電話的意義多過於只是一種日常生活溝通的方式/工具。有 a means of 這個片語????? 不過倒是有 by means of 這個片語。

    參閱: http://zh-tw.w3dictionary.org/index.php?q=a%20mean... (n) 為手段,方法,工具之意時:

    單複數同型,像sheep 也是單複數同型,

    其後接單、複數動詞均可的名詞,如集合名詞:

    The Government (has) already made it clear.

    The Government (are) facing three crises.

    * 集合名詞單數形後接動詞,全式英語多用單數,

    英式英語則單、複數皆可。 ex: It's all a means to an end. (這只是達到目的的一種手段。)

    means 視為可數名詞時,可用 a / an/ one 修飾。-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    4.In his opinion, if he'd listened to his parents, he _ would have made some _ better decisions.譯:就他的看法而言,如果他有聽從他父母親的話去做,那麼他就會做出更好的決定。這題是假設語氣用法。

    假設法公式有許多種,這是其中一種,if+ had +p.p., would have +p.p.

    前者表示較先發生的可能性用had +p.p,表示時間發生於其次的用 would have +p.p.

    2011-03-08 14:29:31 補充:

    剩下的我打在這,那裡傳不出去…,如下:

    假設語氣的例句用法及說明參閱:

    http://robertvmp.pixnet.net/blog/post/24972835

    因為太多字會無法傳送出去…

    2011-03-08 14:30:09 補充:

    各類假設語氣公式:

    1. 純條件假設語氣:

    If + S +V, S + 助動詞(will, may, shall, can, ought to, should)

    2. 與現在相反假設語氣:

    If + S + past V, S + 助動詞(would, might, should, could, ought to)

    3. 與過去事實相反假設語氣:

    If + S + had P.P., S + 助動詞(would, might, should, could, ought to) + P.P.

    2011-03-08 14:30:33 補充:

    4. 與未來狀況相反假設語氣:

    If + S + should + V, S + 助動詞(will, may, shall, can, ought to, should) →極可能發生。

    If + S + should + V, S + 助動詞(would, might, should, could, ought to) →極不可能發生。

    5. 與事實強烈相反假設語氣:

    If + S + were to + V, S + 助動詞(would, might, should, could, ought to) + V ( + O )

    參考資料: grammar+dictionary+internet
  • 10 年前

    polar大大回答的不錯

    我就第三題再做一些補充說明

    means和sheep一樣是屬於單複數同形的單字(算在可數名詞內)

    遇到複數變化時字的結構不會改變(不必再加s或es)

    one (或a) sheep/two sheep/three sheep........

    one (或a) means/two means/three means........

  • 10 年前

    版大你好

    解答如下

    1. 本題是否定副詞擺句首的倒裝句用法

    倒裝句:否定副詞擺句首

    Hardly, Rarely, Seldom, Never, Not until, Not only + has/have/had + S + p.p

    Hardly, Rarely, Seldom, Never, Not until, Not only + be + S + adj/n/被動V

    Hardly, Rarely, Seldom, Never, Not until, Not only + 助動詞 + S + V

    ex:

    Public parks not only provide greenery in the city, but also serve as recreational areas for people.

    ---> Not only do public parks provide greenery in the city, but they also serve as recreational areas for people.

    故本題選(A)

    Rarely do earhtquakes last longer than a few minutes.

    2. 本題可由語意判斷

    "Isn't it hard to drive downtown to work?"

    開車到城裡(鎮上)上班是很難的嗎?

    "Yes. That's why I __C___ by train."

    對啊,這就是為什麼我"已經"搭火車去上班了

    由"Yes. That's why I __C___ by train."的回答,代表回答者從過去的某個時段開始就已經"搭火車去上班了",並且持續到現在,因此時態需用"現在完成式"或"現在完成進行式",故本題須選(C)have been going

    3. 本題是考"a means of"這個片語

    a means of 一個方法、手段、方式

    ex:

    as a means of selecting the DPP's presidential candidate

    作為選擇民進黨挑選總統候選人的方式

    故本題須選(D)

    本題翻譯為

    在世界上的許多區域,行動電話在每天的生活中已經不只是一個用來溝通的工具了。

    4. 本題是與過去事實相反的假設語氣

    he'd = he had

    本句可還原為

    In his opinion, if he had listened to his parents, he ____ better decisions.

    與"過去事實相反的假設語氣"句型如下:

    If+主詞+had+P.P …., 主詞+ would/should/could/might+have+P.P 例句:

    1.假如當時我有足夠的時間,我會和你去。

    If I had had enough time, I would have gone with you.

    2.假如他當時沒把錢丟掉,他就能買腳踏車了。

    If he hadn’t lost the money, he could have bought a bicycle.

    故本題須選(D)would have made some

    希望以上說明對你有幫助

    2011-03-07 22:31:23 補充:

    1. 請發問者勿在得到解答後將問題移除 (例行提醒非針對個人)

    2. 若有疑問請以補充方式告知,我再為您解說。

    2011-03-07 22:31:34 補充:

    1. 請發問者勿在得到解答後將問題移除 (例行提醒非針對個人)

    2. 若有疑問請以補充方式告知,我再為您解說。

    2011-03-08 22:34:06 補充:

    若版主不滿意我的解說請告知

    我再自刪解答以免浪費網路資源和版面

    謝謝!

    2011-03-08 22:34:22 補充:

    若版主不滿意我的解說請告知

    我再自刪解答以免浪費網路資源和版面

    謝謝!

    參考資料: polar bear
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