Tracy 發問時間: 藝術與人文歷史 · 9 年前

求''西敏條約''的內容!!!(急~20點)

我想請問有人知道1654年荷蘭跟英國簽訂的西敏條約內容是什麼??

我報告資料需要~麻煩了QAQ

2 個解答

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  • aki
    Lv 6
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    Treaty of Westminster(1654年)

    西敏條約,1654年英荷兩國因航海條例及海權問題爆發戰爭(戰爭原因和經過請自行查第一次英荷戰爭),英國取得優勢後,兩國談判所簽和約,因簽約地點在英國西敏寺故得名,又譯西敏寺條約,或威斯敏斯特條約。

    主要內容為:

    1.荷蘭被迫承認英國於1651年訂定的航海條例,爾後從事英國近海漁業時,必須向英國繳納相當數目之年金。

    2.關於亞洲方面,東印度公司之爭執問題,荷蘭須對「安汶島慘案」負全責,及支付所殺害之十名英國人以巨額賠償金。

    3.荷蘭軍艦航近英國近海時,仍然必須下旗收帆鳴放禮砲向英國致敬。

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  • 怡蓁
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    1654年5月8日,英國和荷蘭雙方締結的《威斯敏斯特和約》(Treaty of Westminster),主要內容是讓荷蘭承認英國所制定的《航海法案》(The Navigation Acts,又譯作航海條例)。其目的,在於保障英國本土的產業經濟發展,並排除其他歐洲國家尤其是荷蘭在貿易上的競爭。

    2011-03-08 21:37:14 補充:

    The Treaty of Westminster was signed on 8 May 1654, which ended the First Anglo-Dutch War (1652-1654)

    2011-03-08 21:38:05 補充:

    Based on the terms of the accord, the United Provinces recognized Oliver Cromwell's Navigation Acts, which required that imports to the Commonwealth of England must be carried in English ships, or ships from the goods' origin

    2011-03-08 21:39:20 補充:

    Since the Navigation Acts had been one of the causes of the war, the treaty failed to resolve the dispute between the two countries and merely set the stage for the Second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665-1667

    The Treaty of Westminster had a secret clause:

    2011-03-08 21:39:50 補充:

    the Act of Seclusion which excluded William III, Prince of Orange from being appointed Stadtholder

    This was a "deal" from the leading Dutch politicians Johan de Witt and his uncle Cornelis de Graeff

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