Be_happy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文文法~but如何解釋?

The late professor emeritus is beloved of all his students and colleagues. There are _______ admire his great achievements.

答案選項有:����1.some but not 2. some but to 3. few but 4. few but to

空格中答案為:3.few but

不太懂耶!

可以幫我解釋一下嗎?

few是很少

but但是?(解釋起來怪怪的)

2 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    There are few but admire his great achievements.

    很少有人會不欽佩他的卓越成就的. 這個but的詞性稱為「準關係代名詞 」, 簡稱「準關代」, 是具有否定性質的關代. 本句可改寫為相同意思的:

    There are few who don't admire his great achievements.

    英文中的準關代只有三個:

    1) as : 用在as/such/ the same 之後例:As many children as came here were my father's pupils.= All the children that came here were my father's pupils.到這裏來的那麼多小孩全都是我爸爸的學生。 You shall have as much money as you need.= You shall have all the money that you need.你會有你所需要的那麼多的錢 --你需要多少錢,我就給你多少錢。 Such as praise you to your face are likely to speak ill of you behind your back.

    =Those who praise you to your face are likely to speak ill of you behind your back.當你的面稱讚你的人可能會在你的背後說你的壞話。 2) but : (a) but之前的主要子句裏必須有否定的字(如 no, not, scarcely等)。(b) but本身含有否定的意思(如"不","沒有"等),所以稱為否定的關係代名詞(Negative Relative Pronoun),其作用相當於 that...not。(c) 由於 but本身是否定,前面又有否定的字而構成了雙重的否定。雙重的否定即等於肯定,所以含有關係代名詞 but的句子,其含意即等於一個有形容詞 every的肯定句,但前者語氣較強。例: There is no one but has a few faults.

    = There is no one that (or who) has not a few faults.

    = Everyone has a few faults.

    沒有人沒有一些缺點--每個人都有一些缺點。

    There is nothing in the world but is influenced by the sun.= There is nothing in the world that is not influenced by the sun. = Everything in the world is influenced by the sun.

    世上沒有不受太陽影響的東西--世上的萬物都受太陽的影響。

    There is scarcely a child but likes candy.= There is scarcely a child that (or who) does not like candy. = Nearly every child likes candy幾乎沒有一個小孩不喜歡糖果--幾乎每一個小孩都喜歡糖果。 3)than : 比較級形容詞所修飾的名詞(先行詞)之後的關係代名詞。

    例:Children should not have more money than is needed.

    孩子們不應該有比需要更多的錢。

    Fewer people than we had expected were present.

    比我們預料更少的人出席--出席的人數比我們預料的更少。

    2011-03-09 17:48:51 補充:

    few but admire...

    few = few people, 是先行詞

    but是準關代, 做為子句的主詞

    = few who don't admire

    2011-03-10 17:24:28 補充:

    few的意思不是「有少數人」, 而是「少到幾乎沒有」.

    參考資料: 賀氏英文法
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  • leo
    Lv 6
    9 年前

    已退職教授受到全體師生的愛戴, 儘管只有少數但這些全是(一面倒)讚賞教授的偉大成就 -> 3. few but 是對的 1. some but not -> 改為 some not (有一些人不贊美) 2. some but to -> 改為 some (有一些人贊賞) 4. few but to -> 應改為 few but (少數人但全都贊賞)

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