Y.mmg
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Y.mmg 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文中的"包含"主動被動用法

請問英文中的"包含"主動被動用法

Including + N

inclusive of + N

N + included

這些都是被動的嗎?

1 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    Including 是介系詞,意為「(其中) 包括」,用在名詞和代名詞之前。

    例如:

    All of us are teachers, including me.

    (包括我在內,我們都是老師/我們都是老師,其中包括我在內)

    I’m ordering some extra office equipment, including a new printer.

    (我即將訂購一些額外的辦公室設備,包括一台新的印表機)Inclusive 是形容詞,意為「包括在內的」,用在名詞和代名詞之後。

    例如:

    The rent is NTD 6,000 inclusive.

    (包括水電等一切費用在內,房租為台幣6000元)。

    Inclusive 後面常接 of,此時其用法與 including 等量齊觀。

    例如:

    All of us are teachers, including me.

    = All of us are teachers, inclusive of me.

    (除了我之外,其他人都是老師)Included 是形容詞,意為「包括在內的;被包括的」,用在名詞和代名詞之後。

    例如:

    All of us, me included, are teachers.

    (包括我在內,我們都是老師)。

    值得注意的是,在英式英語中,inclusive 經常被用來表示「所有數目或首末兩日包括在內的」意思,如 Monday to Friday inclusive (從星期一到星期五,首尾兩天 — 即星期一和星期五 — 包括在內),但美式英語則使用 through 來表達 inclusive 的意思,如 Monday through Friday (從星期一到星期五,首尾兩天 — 即星期一和星期五 — 包括在內)。

    All on the plane were lost, including the crew.

    (包括機組人員在內,機上所有人都失蹤了)

    = All on the plane were lost, the crew included.

    = All on the plane were lost, inclusive of the crew.

    = Including the crew, all on the plane were lost.

    The hotel charges $5,000 a day, excluding meals.

    (這家飯店一天索費5000元,其中並不包括三餐)

    = The hotel charges $5,000 a day, meals excluded.

    = The hotel charges $5,000 a day, exclusive of meals.

    All of us, me included, were invited.

    (包括我在內,我們所有人都受到邀請)

    = All of us, including me, were invited.

    = They invited all of us, inclusive of me.

    The rent is $10,000 inclusive.

    (包括一切費用在內,房租為10000元)

    = The rent is $10,000 inclusive of everything.

    2011-03-19 17:25:53 補充:

    更正如下

    All of us are teachers, including me.

    = All of us are teachers, inclusive of me.

    (包括我在內的所有人都是老師)

    2011-03-19 17:30:52 補充:

    版大裡面所提到的N其實是指主要單位底下的附屬物

    主要單位通常會是一個句子裡的主詞

    如第一句All of us are teachers, including me.中

    All of us 是主要單位

    me是主要單位的附屬詞

    因為me就涵蓋在All of us 之中

    2011-03-19 17:42:50 補充:

    另外補充裡的更正是針對第三行紅字底下所做的更正

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