小b 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

這句話有省略should嗎?

it is imperactive that we finish by next week.

感覺這好像意志動詞的句形,但 imperactive是形容詞呢,

我想問we 後面是不是省略了should 了? 還是是時態問題?

如果是過去式的話 是否變成 it was imperactive that we finished last week.

還是要用 we( should )finish last week?

2 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    It is imperative that we (should) finish by next week.

    It was imperative that we (should) finish last week.

    不論現在(包含三單)、過去、未來時態, 都要用原式finish, 因為前面有個省略的should.

    結構︰It is+意志形容詞 +(that)+ 主詞 +(should)+原形動詞   說明︰意志形容詞 包括 important,necessary,imperative,essential,urgent,desirable, advisable,recommendable,proper 等。

    that-子句中只能用<助動詞> should,不可用 must,而 should 往往予以省略。

    例:

    It is necessary that he (should) sort out the information for my reference.  

    他有必要整理些資料供我參考。

    It is essential that he get up early. 他有必要早起。  

    It is urgent that food and clothing (should) be sent to the sufferers.

    急需將食物和衣服送給災民。  

    It is desirable that we (should) provide for the poor at Christmas.

    聖誕節施捨窮人是可喜的事。  

    It is important that he be quiet. 他該保持安靜是有必要的。 

    It is important that he not do it. 他不該做那事是有必要的。

    It is requested that all members be present at the party.

    全體會員都被要求出席這次晚會。

    It is proper that such a bad man be punished severely.

    這麼壞的人受重罰是應該的。

    2011-03-23 21:48:39 補充:

    finish的及物動詞與不及物動詞都有, 不一定要加受詞.

    e.g.

    Have you finished? 你用餐完畢了嗎? 或: 你說完了沒? 或: 你完成了嗎?

    Have you finished it? 你完成此事了嗎?

    兩句文法皆正確.

  • 老登
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    it is imperactive that we finish by next week.

    感覺這好像意志動詞的句形,但 imperactive是形容詞呢,

    我想問we 後面是不是省略了should 了? 還是是時態問題?

    It is imperative that we should finish it by next week.

    finish 是及物動詞,所以後面要有受詞

    如果是過去式的話 是否變成 it was imperactive that we finished last week.

    還是要用 we( should )finish last week?

    過去式: It was imperative that we should finish it last week.

    希望有幫助喔!

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