absence和absent 請問差在哪邊呢?!

absence和absent 都有缺席的意思

請問可以舉些例句,讓我做分別嗎?!

感謝喔!

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    1. absence是名詞。意思是不在的期間或不在的狀況。

    例句:His frequent and prolonged absences were making his wife suspicious.

    In the absence of any contrary agreement, the firm accepts full liability.

    2. absent可當形容詞或動詞。

    當形容詞時,意是缺席或不存在等。

    例句:He's been absent from school for three days.

    Parental affection is absent from these children's lives.

    He listened with an absent air and kept glancing at the door.

    當動詞時,是指離開或該出席但未出席。

    If you absent yourself from a place, you leave it or do not go there, although youa re expected to be there.

    遇到字的疑問時,查字典是最有效的方法。

    2011-03-24 11:30:24 補充:

    更正打字錯誤:

    ... although you are expected to be there.

    參考資料: Macmillan English Dicitoinary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition
  • 9 年前

    詞性不同用法就不同囉

    absence 是名詞~在文法上名詞前面會有the/a/所有格

    ex.She never speaks ill of anyone in his or her absence

    他從不在別人不在的時候講壞話

    absent是形容詞~形容人事物

    ex.She were absent this morning.

    她今天早上沒來 (形容她沒來)

    參考資料: 我自己
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