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可兒 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

that / which 的用法! (advanced)

我不懂下面紅字的意思~????

是要用來引導句子嗎 ?

"What got me was the loneliness of the guy,” says the actor. “And not just that he was lonely, but that he didn’t want to be lonely.”

"I probably changed three diapers,” says Damon, who’s raising four daughters, the last of which was born in 2010.

為什麼要用which??? 不用who呢??

5 個解答

評分
  • Jerry
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    您一定很清楚,以下的句型及其意思(用that +主詞+動詞,可當一個大主詞(名詞子句), (當然也有能力當形容詞子句,但能當名詞子句的關係代名詞只有that,其他諸如which, who等等只能當形容詞子句)

    That the earth is round is true.

    =It is true that the earth is round

    如果我將您的句子,還原成最囉嗦(最不精簡的樣子),您就了解了。

    原句為"What got me was the loneliness of the guy,” says the actor. “And not just that he was lonely, but that he didn’t want to be lonely.”

    改為

    ""The point that got me was (that) the loneliness of the guy,

    and (the point that got me) was not just that he was lonely,

    but the point that got me was that he didn't want to be lonely. """says the actor.

    演員說,吸引我的重點是那傢伙的孤單,但並非僅止於"他是孤單而已,而是他並不想要孤單。

    二您會問第二個問題,是因為您認為人要用who

    先複習幾個重點

    2-1who 只能用於人,範圍最小。但所有格whose 則人,動物,事物皆適用。

    2-2which 適用於人以外的動物(但所有格例外,也適用人),事物,

    範圍排名 第 二

    2-3that 範圍最廣,人動物及事物皆可。但致命傷是不能用為所有格關係代名詞。

    2-4最高級時,不能用who,務必改用that(中國人最容易犯的錯)

    其次回到問題的重點,所有格已不可能用that,退而求其次是whose

    但寫法卻是whose last daughter was born in 2010

    只好改用the last of those daughters =the last of which

    因為which 有選擇性,用of which 相當於所有格。

    以上,希望您能理解。

    有空請到我的部落格參觀指正

    http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jerrylinhome-jerrylinho...

    2011-03-24 11:19:40 補充:

    That the earth is round is true.

    =It is true that the earth is round

    句型是 A IS B 。

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  • 9 年前

    of which=其中; 當中

    A university has 10000 students of which 65% are male and 35%

    are female.

    Jesse had at least eight sons, of which David was the eighth.

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  • T
    Lv 6
    9 年前

    基本上當你遇上 "數目" 時˙ 不管人或物˙ 都可能會用到 which

    句子內說到多數人或物˙ 然後特別指出其中某一個人或物時˙ 用 which 是最恰當的˙

    你那句有四個女兒˙ 然後 Damon 要特別指出最後一個女兒是在 2010 出生˙ 所以用 which.

    比如說˙

    Which of your three daughters is the most beautiful?

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    1. not that ... but that...這裡的兩個that是用來引導後面的名詞子句的,只有文法功能,不帶意義。

    2. which通常是用來代表[物]的,但在實際使用上並不是那麼嚴格,of which表示所有格,在對[物]的時候,也有人用whose代替of which。當然本句也可寫成...the last of whom was born in 2010.用whom來代表人是比較合適的。

    2011-03-24 11:18:00 補充:

    There are over 6,000 students, many of whom come from overseas.

    本例句取自Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition p.1705 whom說明一

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  • 9 年前

    that是有一點像是語助詞,可是不全部是。前面第一個紅字的部分其時可以改成"Not because he was lonely"。第二去的that你可以看成for the fact that.

    which是指沒有生命的對象跟動物

    who是指人類

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