承軒 蔡 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文文法的一些問題?

★選出正確者:

(A)Don’t shout in the library.

(B)Not shout in the library.

(C)Not shouting in the library.

(D)Not to shout in the library.

★I have been to Hualian many times because my grandparents lived there________.

(A)three years before

(B)since I was young

(C)for three years ago

(D)when I was young

★A: How do I look when I wear my new glasses?

B: ___________.

(A)You look happily at them.

(B)You lokk more fashionable on them.

(C)You look younger.

(D)You look at everything clearly.

★Mike _________as my fifteenth birthday present.

(A)gave a CD player me

(B)gave me a CD player

(C)gave me it

(D)gave it me

希望每個選項都能解釋為什麼行或不行 感恩ˇ

2 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    版大你好

    解答如下

    ★選出正確者:

    (A)Don’t shout in the library.

    (B)Not shout in the library.

    (C)Not shouting in the library.

    (D)Not to shout in the library.

    本題(A)為正解 (其餘皆不合文法)

    這是祈使句的用法>>(You) don't shout in a library

    祈使句的主詞「YOU」通常不會在表面顯露出來,而把YOU省略了.

    祈使句總是把原形動詞擺在句首.be動詞如(am.is.are.was.were)的原形為Be

    提供幾個例句:

    You are quiet.

    >>Be quiet.(are的原形是be.)

    You don't sit down.

    >>Don't sit down.

    You stand up.

    >>Stand up.

    ★I have been to Hualian many times because my grandparents lived there________.

    (A)three years before (three years ago才對)

    (B)since I was young (與現在完成式連用)

    (C)for three years ago (for three years 才對>>常與現在完成式連用)

    (D)when I was young

    本題須選(D),由於是敘述過去的事,用簡單過去式即可,在此您只需看because後方的子句即可

    ★A: How do I look when I wear my new glasses? (我戴新眼鏡看起來如何?)

    B: ___________.

    (A)You look happily at them. (你高興地看著他們)

    (B)You look more fashionable on them. (此用法是錯誤的,詳述於下方)

    (C)You look younger. (你看起來很年輕)

    (D)You look at everything clearly. (你每件事物都看得很清楚)

    本題選(C)

    可從句意判斷

    關於(B)選項

    fashionable通常形容事、物而不形容人 ,例如:

    1. Strong colors are very fashionable at the moment. 2. She often wears a fashionable hat. (她常戴一頂時髦的帽子。)

    3. He runs a fashionable restaurant near the Harbor.

    因此(B)選項可改成

    They look fashionable on you.

    ★Mike _________as my fifteenth birthday present.

    (A)gave a CD player me

    (B)gave me a CD player

    (C)gave me it

    (D)gave it me

    本題選(B)

    詳述give用法如下:

    1. give + 物 + to + 人

    2. give + 人 + 物

    第一個用法中的「物」可以用it代替,

    但是第二個用法中的「物」就不能用it代替。

    例:我給她一本書。

    1. I gave a book to her. (gave 是give 的過去式)

     如果從上下文可以知道it指的是book,可以用it代替book,變成:

     I gave it to her.

    2. I gave her a book.不能說成I gave her it.

    (文法上是錯誤的)

    希望以上說明對你有幫助

    參考資料: polar bear
  • 慧琳
    Lv 4
    9 年前

    1.A句子的起頭要有助動詞,此句有祈使的語氣

    2.B

    (A)(C)要改成for three years.

    3.C

    (A)要改成You look happy at them.

    (B)You look fashionable on them.

    (D)是注視,與題意無關

    4.B

    give〈授與動詞〉+O.+物〈但不能為代詞〉

    give+物+to+人

    (A)要改成gave a CD player to me

    (C)要改成gave it

    (D)要改成gave it to me

    參考資料: 自己
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