匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

初學者問一下國中程度的英文

一、You said smoking helps you relax.

可以改成這樣嗎?You said to smoke helps you relax.

二、I was surprised to learn that you had an accident soon after you left home.

這句的翻譯是什麼?learn是什麼意思呢?

三、The girl you spoke to is leaving tonight.

這句的翻譯是什麼?為什麼用to is

謝謝

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謝謝兩位的說明

Sally您好

請問第三句可以改成這樣嗎?

You spoke to the girl is leaving tonight.

或是可以省略to嗎

The girl you spoke (to) is leaving tonight.

謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    一、應該兩句話都可以

    完整句子是 You said that smoking helps you relax.(你說抽菸幫助你放鬆。)

    that smoking helps you relax 是名詞子句當said的受詞, that是連接詞,無意義,可省略。

    smoking helps you relax這個子句的主詞是smoking也可以用to smoke代替,所以應該兩句文法都沒錯。

    二、同上面那位大大

    三、The girl you spoke to is leaving tonight.

    完整句子是The girl who(that) you spoke to is leaving tobight.關係代名詞who(that)在子句中是受格,可省略。who(that)you spoke to是形容詞子句,修飾句首的the girl,who(that)在形容詞子句中代替the girl,兼具連接詞性質。若還原形容詞子句應該是:You spoke to the girl.(你曾跟這女孩說話。)

    主要子句The girl is leaving tonight. (這女孩今晚要離開。)

    兩句合併就變成了The girl (who;that) you spoke to is leaving tonight.(你和她說話的那女孩今晚要離開)。所以to跟is是不同子句的字,不是to 接is。

    2011-04-11 17:13:47 補充:

    不行,有5種可能:

    The girl you spoke to is leaving tonight.

    The girl who you spoke to is leaving tonight.

    The girl that you spoke to is leaving tonight.

    The girl to whom you spoke is leaving tonight.

    The girl whom you spoke to is leaving tonight. (現今較少用這種說法)

    to絕對不可省,若省,形容詞子句就不完整了。

    2011-04-11 17:13:59 補充:

    你不可能聽到You spoke the girl.

    一定是you spoke to(with) the girl

    speak是不及物動詞,要加介詞才能接受詞

    就像 talk to 人 , look at人.. to; at都不能省,道理一樣

  • 10 年前

    第二句雖然可能會造成語意上的理解務,但還是正確的吧?

  • 小艾
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    一、You said smoking helps you relax.

    可以改成這樣嗎?You said to smoke helps you relax.

    第一句才對.

    二、I was surprised to learn that you had an accident soon after you left home.

    這句的翻譯是什麼?learn是什麼意思呢?

    learn 這裡是知道的意思...

    整句是: 我很驚訝知道(得知)你在離開家之後發生了意外.

    三、The girl you spoke to is leaving tonight.

    這句的翻譯是什麼?為什麼用to is

    我不是英文老師, 無法解釋的很專業, 再有請專業的老師解釋了... 我能簡單說明是.... is 是 girl 的動詞, 簡單的句子是 The girl is leaving tonight. 那一個 girl 呢!! 就是 you spoke to 和你講話的那個 you spoke to 是形容 girl

    整句是: 和你說話的女孩今晚要離開.

    參考資料: 自己
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