Loh 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

英文分詞構句和假設語氣的幾個問題

分詞構句:

1. _________, we will have no choice but to dismiss Tina.

A: This is the case B: If being the case

C: Being the case D: This being the case

Why the answer is "D"?

2. ___________, the cat fish is prized for its taste.

A: It is ugly-looking B: Ugly-looking is it

C: Being ugly-looking D: With being ugly-looking

The answer is "C", why?

3. The production of coal in Taiwan is relatively small, ________ less than six hundred thousand tons annually.

A: its amount is B: amounting to

C: and amounting D: it amounts to

The answer is "B", why?

假設語氣

1. I think it is high time Tony _____ his own decision.

A: made B: make

why the anser is "made"?

2. I would rather Joseph just ______ in bed and _______ nothing at least five days.

A: stayed; did B:had stayed; did

C: would stay; did D: would have stayed; be doing

Why the answer is "A"?

3. Tracy would make more progress if she _____ hard.

A: works B worked C has worked D was working

如何解釋the answer is "B"

謝謝各位大大

2 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    先注意一個重要原則: 英文兩個完整句子不可只以逗號連接(這與中文不同), 而要用連接詞、分號或其他的複合句處理.

    分詞構句:

    1. _________, we will have no choice but to dismiss Tina.

    A: This is the case B: If being the case

    C: Being the case D: This being the case

    Why the answer is "D"?

    分詞構句的主詞不同於主句(的主詞)時, 不可省略, 所以D為正解.

    A. 缺連接詞, 錯.

    B,C是主詞一致時的寫法, 錯.

    2. ___________, the cat fish is prized for its taste.

    A: It is ugly-looking B: Ugly-looking is it

    C: Being ugly-looking D: With being ugly-looking

    The answer is "C", why?

    C. Being ugly-looking的主詞與主句的主詞一致, 標準的分詞構句, 故為正解.

    A. 缺連接詞Though, 錯.

    B. 倒裝句缺連接詞but

    D. With+動名詞, 文法ok但語意邏輯不對.

    註: 本句亦可寫為, (Though) looking ugly, the cat fish is prized for its taste.

    3. The production of coal in Taiwan is relatively small, ________ less than six hundred thousand tons annually.

    A: its amount is B: amounting to

    C: and amounting D: it amounts to

    The answer is "B", why?

    B: amounting to 分詞構句的主詞與主句的主詞一致, 故為正解.

    A. 缺連接詞and, 錯.

    C. 雖有連接詞and, 但後面應是句子而不可只是分詞片語.

    D. 缺連接詞as或since或because, 錯

    假設語氣

    1. I think it is high time Tony _____ his own decision.

    A: made B: make

    why the anser is "made"?

    記住這個句型:

    It is high time + 假設語氣子句與現在事實相反

    2. I would rather Joseph just ______ in bed and _______ nothing at least five days.

    A: stayed; did B:had stayed; did

    C: would stay; did D: would have stayed; be doing

    Why the answer is "A"?

    would rather 後面的兩個動作對等連接, 其形式、時態與語氣應相同

    A. stayed; did 形式與時態應相同, 表假設語氣, 故為正解.

    B. had stayed; did : 假設語氣之時態不一致, did改為done即可.

    C. would stay; did : did應改為do, 共用助動詞would.

    D. would have stayed; be doing : 嚴重不一致, 錯.

    3. Tracy would make more progress if she _____ hard.

    A: works B worked C has worked D was working

    如何解釋the answer is "B"

    本句為標準的假設語氣與現在事實相反, If子句用were或過去式動詞

    主要子句要有would/should/could/might + VR

    只有B符合.

    參考資料: 英語不是母語的我們, 一定要搞定文法, 否則絕不可能學好英文.
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    英文分詞構句,看這裡

    假設語氣,看這裡

    自己弄懂了,下次解釋給別人聽,那你也是高手,不是嗎?

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