XO 君 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

語言學蓋論

我要做語言學的ppt

跟Agent

Theme

Location

Source

Goal

Experiencer

Instrument

這些語意有關係

可以幫我找些資料嗎

要上台報告所以希望可以簡潔有力

資料大概兩張ppt就可以足夠了

謝謝

已更新項目:

是語義我打錯了

2 個解答

評分
  • MB.WPG
    Lv 5
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    (1)Agent- Performs an action

    ex: Mary called Bill. The fox jumped out of the ditch

    Mary & the fox 為agents

    (2)Theme: underdoes an action or some chage in state

    ex: Mary called Bill. Bill was called by Mary

    Bill 為theme,簡單說是受格,在passive voice中,Bill 雖然是在主格位置,但是它還是一個受格,因為是被動式

    (3)Location: the place in which something was hiding is situated or takes place

    ex: It rains in Spain. The monster was hiding under the bed.

    Spain & under the bed 為location

    (4)Source: the entity from which moves, either literally or metaphorically

    ex: He came from home. We got the idea from an Itlian magazine.

    通常表示的是一個補語,如from home,補足came, "from an Italian magazine"是got something "from where"

    (5)Goal: the entity towards which something moves, either literally or metaphorically

    ex: Put it one the shelf. Pat told the joke to his friends.

    (6)Experiencer: the entity which is aware of the action described by the predicate.

    ex: Mary heard Bill sing. Kevin felt ill

    大部份是在強調動詞,有點類似"經驗"的部份

    (7)Instrument: the means by which an action is performed.

    ex: He killed his wife with an axe.

    axe 是一個instrument.

    這些是很正式的解釋,是基礎themantic rules的部份,第六部份會比較難解釋一點,你要自己去找一下,那些動詞屬於"經驗"動詞,但是不適用在完成式中

    2011-04-19 21:26:01 補充:

    更正一下

    (2)Theme: underdoes an action or some chage in state

    是 undergoes, 不是underdoes

    參考資料: 你好像還少了Possessor, beneficiary, and causative三個
  • 10 年前

    語言學概論?

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    雨溢學溉論?

    好象兜學過!

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