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政洋 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

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Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work. Copyright does not protect ideas, only their expression. In most jurisdictions copyright arises upon fixation and does not need to be registered. Copyright owners have the exclusive statutory right to exercise control over copying and other exploitation of the works for a specific period of time, after which the work is said to enter the public domain. Uses covered under limitations and exceptions to copyright, such as fair use, do not require permission from the copyright owner. All other uses require permission and copyright owners can license or permanently transfer or assign their exclusive rights to others.Initially copyright law only applied to the copying of books. Over time other uses such as translations and derivative works were made subject to copyright and copyright now covers a wide range of works, including maps, sheet music, dramatic works, paintings, photographs, sound recordings, motion pictures and computer programs.The British Statute of Anne 1709, full title "An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or purchasers of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned", was the first copyright statute. Today copyright laws are partially standardized through international and regional agreements such as the Berne Convention and the WIPO Copyright Treaty. Although there are consistencies among nations' copyright laws, each jurisdiction has separate and distinct laws and regulations covering copyright. National copyright laws on licensing, transfer and assignment of copyright still vary greatly between countries and copyrighted works are licensed on a territorial basis. Some jurisdictions also recognize moral rights of creators, such as the right to be credited for the work.

1 個解答

  • 9 年前


    版權是作品的一套的獨佔許可權授予作者或創建者的原創,包括複製、 分發和適應工作。版權不保護的想法,只是他們的表達。大多數地區版權固定後出現,並不需要註冊。版權擁有人有獨家法定權行使控制複製和其他開發工程的一種特定的時間內後的, 工作說進入公有領域。使用受限制和例外版權的合理使用,例如,不需要獲得著作權人的許可。所有其他用途需要許可權和版權持有人可以許可或永久移轉或轉讓其給其他人的專有權利。

    僅適用于複製的書的最初的著作權法。隨時間的其他用途如翻譯和衍生作品了版權和著作權現在涵蓋廣泛的作品,包括地圖,樂譜,戲劇作品畫、 圖片、 錄音、 電影和電腦程式。

    英國安妮 1709 規約 》 完整標題"作為鼓勵學習,所述時期的作者或購買的這類副本,歸屬印刷書的副本",是第一次的版權法規。今天版權法/著作權法部分都被標準化通過國際和區域的協定,如伯恩公約 》 和世界智慧財產權組織版權條約 》。雖然有國家的版權法/著作權法之間的一致性,但每個司法管轄區已單獨和獨立的法律和法規,包括版權。授權的國家版權法,轉移和轉讓版權仍差別很大國家之間,並受版權保護的作品領有牌照,領土的基礎上。某些司法管轄區還認識到道德權利的創作者,如應算作工作權

    參考資料: 自己
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