小宇 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

Reduce by ....

-The World Bank has ambitious goals for 2015

Reduce poverty and hunger by one-half

Achieve universal primary education

Reduce child and maternal mortality by two-thirds

Reduce by half the number of people without access to potable water

以上這些reduce by 數字,是怎樣理解,例如減少到剩下2/3或是,減少2/3..

4 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    這是英文中常見的困惑。

    減少到 reduce to

    減少了 reduce by

    例如,『這十年來學生人數減少到10%。』要說:

    The number of students reduce to 10% from ten years ago.

    例如,『這十年來學生人數減少了10%。』要說:

    The number of students reduce by 10% from ten years ago.

  • rhody
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    介詞 by 的用法眾多,在此表示與之前的差別,看這裡保證清楚

  • 9 年前

    reduce by + 幅度 <--- 例如reduce by two-thirds: 減少2/3, 亦即減為1/3

    reduce to + 目標 <--- reduce to two-thirds : 減少到剩下2/3

    reduce from A to B : <--- 從A減為B

    以上也皆適用被動語態 be reduced.

    The World Bank has ambitious goals for 2015

    Reduce poverty and hunger by one-half

    Achieve universal primary education

    Reduce child and maternal mortality by two-thirds

    Reduce by half the number of people without access to potable water

    世界銀行設下2015年雄偉目標:

    - 貧窮與肌餓減半

    - 達成全世界基本教育

    - 減少兒童與產婦死亡率三分之二 <---- 亦即減為三分之一

    - 無權取用飲用水之人口數減半

    參考資料: 多閱讀是增強英文功力的不二法門 + Cavalier
  • 匿名使用者
    9 年前

    這些reduce by 數字,是減少2/3..

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