superJeremy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

out of 用法與文法

1.請問像是 out of control、out of range這些,out是什麼詞性,是名詞嗎

2. I'll get you out of here. 這裡的out是什麼詞性

3.I'm out of the office 這裡的out是什麼詞性,已經有be動詞了,out是名詞當補語用嗎?

2 個解答

  • 9 年前

    這裡 out of 是在一起的,兩個字算是一個介係詞。用法和普通一個字的介係詞一樣。

    1. 這些都是 「out of + 名詞」,都是普通「介係詞」片語。

    2. I'll get you out of here.

    out of here 是介係詞片語,做形容詞當受詞補語。用法和 That will get you in trouble. (那會讓你惹上麻煩。)一樣。

    3. I am out of the office.

    out of the office 是介係詞片語,做形容詞當主詞補語。用法和 I am in the office. 一樣。

    2011-07-02 23:12:25 補充:


    out of 是介係詞。


    out of

    preposition ( NO LONGER IN ) 介係詞

    定義:out of somewhere/sth; no longer in a stated place or condition

    (在某處/某物之外; 不再在已經說過的地點或狀態中)

    2011-07-02 23:16:00 補充:


    An apple rolled out of the bag.

    out of the bag 是介係詞片語當副詞,修飾 rolled。

    Professor Aitchison is out of town this week.

    這句的 out of town 和 和板主 的地三句 out of office 一樣。介係詞片語當主詞補語。

    The patient is now out of danger.

    這句的 out of danger 和板主的第一問題 out of control, out of range 一樣,都是 介係詞片語。

    2011-07-02 23:16:27 補充:


    2011-07-02 23:17:52 補充:

    out of 是介係詞。詳細解釋,請看意見欄的字典連結。

    2011-07-02 23:29:21 補充:

    out of

    prep 介係詞

    解釋 b (1) 項,例詞: out of control

    b (1) —used as a function word to indicate a position or situation beyond the range, limits, or sphere of

    證明 out of control 是介係詞片語。

    2011-07-04 06:15:00 補充:



    我明白你是將 out of 看成是「動詞片語」的一部分了!

    有些動詞片語確實含有 out of,如:back out of,break out of 。這種三字動詞片語, out 是副詞, of 是介係詞。僅就這點來說,你是對的。


    2011-07-04 06:16:06 補充:

    out of control, out of range 不是動詞片語,是介係詞片語。

    out of 究竟是動詞片語的一部分,或是介係詞,用 Collins Cobuild English Grammar 的例句來分別:

    ● Mansen broke out of the prison by dressing as a woman.

    這裡 broke out of 是一個動詞片語 = escaped。

    ● He has been in and out of prison since he left school.

    這裡 out of 是介係詞,是 in 的相反詞。

    2011-07-04 06:17:31 補充:

    Collins Cobuild English Grammar 6.54,6.58, 6.59, 6.65 全部都有提到介係詞 out of 的意思和用法。

    這於 out 可以當介係詞,為什麼 out of 也是介係詞,6.70 這樣寫:

    2011-07-04 06:18:23 補充:

    Note that two or three word prepositions which include the word `of' are more specific because `of' can be followed by any nominal group.

    (例)She turned and rushed out of the room.

    (例)She must be out of her mind.

    2011-07-04 06:19:43 補充:


    We ran out of apples.

    out 是副詞修飾 ran 嗎?跑出去嗎?

    He is totally out of control.

    is out 的 out 本身能補充說明 He 嗎?他出去嗎? 還是 out of control 介係詞片語做形容詞,當 He 的補語?

    2011-07-04 06:20:28 補充:

    我在意見001、003 舉了劍橋、韋氏線上字典 out of 為介係詞的例句。你可以參考。


    The Good Grammar Book, Oxford Press

    p.253 介係詞表列

    2011-07-04 06:20:52 補充:

    Grammar and Usage, Saddleback Educational Publishing 2000

    p.128 :

    "Phrases that function as adjectives tell more about nouns or pronouns."

    (例) Our senator, Helen Bradley, is out of town.

    2011-07-04 06:21:15 補充:

    Reference Guide to Grammar and Usage, Prentice Hall,

    p. 111 Common Prepositions

    p. 302 Some Common Two-Word Verbs

    2011-07-04 06:22:17 補充:

    綜合上面,我保留1, 3 的回答。

    1. out of control, out of range 的 out of 是兩字的介係詞。

    3. I'm out of the office. = I am not in the office.

    out of 是 in 的相反詞,所以 這裡的 out of 也是介係詞。

    2011-07-04 06:34:29 補充:

    2. I'll get you out of here.

    如果 get you out of 是及物動詞片語,那應該能找到替代的及物動詞。我找不出,但 get you out 本身是可以成立的,所以將 get (you)out of 歸屬於三字動詞片語,我想也可以。 而三字動詞片語,out 屬副詞,of 屬介係詞。

    不過 Collins 將 She turned and rushed out of the room. 視為 介係詞例句,不把 rush out 單獨出來,而將 out of the room 視為介係詞片語。那把 out of here 看成介係詞片語應該也行。

    2011-07-04 06:44:18 補充:

    Louis 提出 動詞片語用法,我詳細回應在意見欄。

    根據資料,我保留 1.3 out of 是介係詞的看法。

    2. 則因為 get (you) out 本身可以成立。將 get (you) out of 視為一個動詞片語應該可以。如果是 三字動詞片語,則 out 是副詞,of 是介係詞。

    但 Collins 文法,將 rushed out of the room 的 out of the room 視為介係詞片語,那 out of here 看成介係詞片語,也無不可。


    2011-07-04 07:24:52 補充:


    你另外提到 有將 out 定位為副詞,請注意 of 有用 粗體分別,跟稍後例句 see you out,inside out 一樣,表示這是固定用法。

    Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary, 3rd ed. 2008 跟網路板一樣。

    out of 為固定用法。

    2011-07-04 07:37:59 補充:

    再參照 Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5th ed. 2008 光碟版

    out of 也是在 out 的解釋中,固定單獨陳列。同時,在 out - preposition 的解釋中,特別說明:

    Many teachers of British English consider it incorrect to use out as preposition

    換句話說,英國有些人認定介係詞要用 out of 的形式。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    1.請問像是 out of control、out of range這些,out是什麼詞性,是名詞嗎


    2. I'll get you out of here. 這裡的out是什麼詞性

    這裡的out是副詞,當受詞補語,補get you語意的不足(out是往外面去的意思)。介系詞片語of here修飾out。

    3.I'm out of the office 這裡的out是什麼詞性,已經有be動詞了,out是名詞當補語用嗎?

    這裡的out可視為形容詞,意思是[不在]。如:He is out.參閱<遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.977 out當副詞用的解釋及例句。

    2011-07-02 21:53:04 補充:

    out of control, out of range通常前面可能是be動詞,所以其out 的屬性宜歸類為[形容詞]。

    2011-07-03 12:20:18 補充:

    to LionEnglish

    兩個介系詞連用時,第一個介系詞作副詞用,第二個介系詞才是當介系詞,所以可接名詞當受詞.請參閱p.879 Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary 2003 edition, out of的解釋及例句.


    2011-07-03 12:26:37 補充:


    第三句的例句: I jumped out of bed and ran downstairs.

    這裡就是: Vi + out of...

    2011-07-04 09:21:03 補充:

    to LionEnglish