威麟 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文文法的相關問題~請高手幫忙解題~有詳解者佳

最好能附說明為甚麼要用這個形式的動詞!!

以下空格該怎麼填??

1.According to the report, a new house (build) _______nearby next year.

2.Right now a student trip to the museum (organize) ______by Tom.

3.Peter Pen (engage)_____his childhood sweetheart.

4.The students (involve)_____many extracurricular activities.

5.The Eiffel Tower (be)____ in paris, France. It (erect)____ in 1889 for the Paris exposition. Since that time, it (be)___ the most famous landmark there.

6.Many rhinos (kill)____ by poachers, but many also died in captivity.

以下請幫忙挑出錯誤!!

1.According to the book, water is composed by hydrogen and oxygen.

2.It's been raining all day. I hate this weather. This weather makes me boring.

3.The sunlight, a blend of many colors, can proved by passing it through a prism.

4.Because of the flood, we will have to drink bottling water instead of tap water.

5.Kate didn't have her car last week because it was in the garage. While it was repair, she took the bus to work.

1 個解答

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  • 最佳解答

    有關您提出的疑問,僅答覆於下:

    1. According to the report, a new house will be built nearby next year.

    這句首先要判斷的是:房子是被建造的,選用被動語態;又由next year推知必須使用未來式"will"。

    2.Right now, a student trip to the museum is being organized by Tom.

    從句首時間片與判斷為此句為現在式,又因強調now,故選用進行式,再從"旅行"是被動計畫的,採用被動式。

    3.Peter Pen is engaged to his childhood sweetheart.

    訂婚在英文中的說法必須特別留意:雖然訂婚的"行為"可能發生在過去,但是"訂婚"這種狀態是持續的事實,故仍選用現在式"is"。(請記熟"be engaged to"此片語)

    4.The students are involved in/with many extracurricular activities.

    be involved in/with 亦可與 be engaged in 表示相同的語意,即"參予、加入"某活動。

    5.The Eiffel Tower is in paris, France. It was erected in 1889 for the Paris exposition. Since that time, it has been the most famous landmark there.

    首句"艾菲爾鐵塔在巴黎"為事實,用現在式;"被建造"則為過去被動語態,最後since...常與完成式連用。

    6.Many rhinos are killed by poachers, but many also died in captivity.

    犀牛是被屠宰的,又此句為陳述事實,故選用現在式被動語態。

    以下括號中代表為錯誤字詞,例:(錯誤字詞/正確字詞 )

    1.According to the book, water is composed ( by / of ) hydrogen and oxygen.

    句型S be composed of O.

    2.It's been raining all day. I hate this weather. This weather makes me ( boring / bored ).

    須注意boring與bored兩字的差異。

    3.The sunlight, a blend of many colors, can ( proved / be proved ) by passing it through a prism.

    日光"被三稜鏡色散了。

    4.Because of the flood, we will have to drink ( bottling / bottled ) water instead of tap water.

    瓶裝水:bottled water

    5.Kate didn't have her car last week because it was in the garage. While it was ( repair / repaired ), she took the bus to work.

    亦可寫作:under repaitment

    圖片參考:http://a.imagehost.org/0959/01-1.jpg

    希望我的回答有幫助到您,若有任何疑問歡迎再度提出,感激不盡!!

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