superJeremy 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

the following詞性分析

請問一下,下列的the following用法對不對,句型怎分析,何時是單數,何時又是複數,何時當代名詞用,又何時當形容詞用

The following settings are common to all multimedia applications:

==>這裡的following是adj嗎,動詞are是因為settings為複數

The following hardware and software configurations were used for the measurements:

==>這裡的following是adj嗎,動詞were是因為configurations為複數

The following is your Account Information

==>這裡是因為information不可數的關係,動詞才用is吧,the following當代名詞用

The following are your cars.

==>這裡是因為your cars是複數,所以動詞用are嗎,the following當代名詞用

The following file does not exist

==>這裡的file應該用複數吧,因為中文翻成下列的檔案,應該是很多檔案才對?

2 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    The following settings are common to all multimedia applications:

    ==>這裡的following是adj嗎,動詞are是因為settings為複數

    正確.

    The following hardware and software configurations were used for the measurements:

    ==>這裡的following是adj嗎,動詞were是因為configurations為複數

    正確.

    The following is your Account Information

    ==>這裡是因為information不可數的關係,動詞才用is吧,the following當代名詞用

    正確.

    The following are your cars.

    ==>這裡是因為your cars是複數,所以動詞用are嗎,the following當代名詞用

    正確.

    The following file does not exist

    ==>這裡的file應該用複數吧,因為中文翻成下列的檔案,應該是很多檔案才對?

    不對, 這裡是說「下面這個檔案」, 用單數.

    the following後面的名詞可以是複數, 也可以是單數; 並非一定要多個檔案並列.

    本句中的file有可能是已打開的一個文件檔案, 用the following很適當.

    .

    參考資料: cavalier
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    除了最後一句,你的分析都正確。

    最後一句的the following file是一份檔案,所以是單數。

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