sherry_hsu 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

Rarely does the public.....

【1】________ stop to consider what design features might reduce neighborhood crime, even though crime rates in urban areas are increasing.

A. The public did B. The public rarely

C.Rarely the public D. Rarely does the public

Ans D

圖片參考:http://6.share.photo.xuite.net/hlele3109/16da229/4...

【2】 A study showed an increase of 20 percent in oral cancer deaths, __________to die of the disease as women.

A.with men four times as likely B. with four times men as likely

C. with as likely men four times D.with four times as likely men

Ans: A

圖片參考:http://6.share.photo.xuite.net/hlele3109/16da236/4...

【3】__________ with many difficult problems, he finally decided to turn to his parents for help.

A. Face B. Faced C. Facing D. To face

Ans B

以上請解析

圖片參考:http://6.share.photo.xuite.net/hlele3109/16da278/4...

已更新項目:

【1】的中譯如何說明為佳?

1 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    【1】________ stop to consider what design features might reduce neighborhood crime, even though crime rates in urban areas are increasing.

    A. The public did B. The public rarely

    C.Rarely the public D. Rarely does the public

    Ans D

    因為副詞rarely可放在主詞的前面或後面,放後面時,句子倒裝,會多一個助動詞。但因為動詞stop沒有加s來配合單數的主詞,所以選項B被排除,只有選項D合用,因為助動詞does可配合主詞(集合名詞為單數)。

    【2】 A study showed an increase of 20 percent in oral cancer deaths, __________to die of the disease as women.

    A.with men four times as likely B. with four times men as likely

    C. with as likely men four times D.with four times as likely men

    Ans: A

    是A as likely to die of the disease as B的結構,在做同等的比較,as ... as中間夾的是[形容詞likely],這個形容詞再接受不定詞片語to die of the disease的修飾。同等的比較,因為前面再加上four times(副詞性質) ,就成了四倍,量就不同等了。從four times開始的這串片語,是men的修飾語。

    逗號後的介系詞片語with ...是用來修飾increase,和另一個介系詞片語of 20 percent...是平行的。

    【3】__________ with many difficult problems, he finally decided to turn to his parents for help.

    A. Face B. Faced C. Facing D. To face

    Ans B

    困難或問題逼近某人的寫法常用被動態,並用介系詞with或by。

    主動時寫作A crisis was facing him.

    被動時寫作He was faced with a crisis.

    本題出現了介系詞with,所以應用被動的過去分詞來做為分詞構句。如果選facing,因為這face是及物動詞,不能有with接在後面,應直接接受詞。

    請參閱<遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.494 face 3b的解釋及例句。

    2011-08-08 23:03:09 補充:

    Rarely does the public stop to consider...社會大眾都不肯停下來然後好好地思考究竟何種設計才能降低犯罪率...

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