Rubbish 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

英文imagine的用法

假設語氣:

(1)Imagine if the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

(2)Imagine that the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

(3)Imagine the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

陳述語氣:

(1)Imagine if you are a millionaire.

(2)Imagine that you are a millionaire.

(3)Imagine you are a millionaire.

Q:都對嗎?若皆對,這兩種語氣中用if和that差在哪?

已更新項目:

感謝PONY和Ed的回答

我剛好正疑惑我列的假設語氣部分,怎麼看起來兩句間都缺連接詞。

2 個已更新項目:

所以陳述語氣(1)

Imagine (what will happen), if you are a millionaire. ,是來自what will happen和痘號一併省略?

3 個已更新項目:

假設語氣(1),也可改成以下兩型式?

Imagine what our ancestors would have done then, if the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age.

Imagine if the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age. What would our ancestors have done then?

2 個解答

評分
  • Ed
    Lv 6
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    陳述語氣:

    (2)Imagine that you are a millionaire.

    Imagine that ... 時,imagine是及物動詞,that 引導的名詞子句是受詞。

    (1)Imagine if you are a millionaire.

    Imagine if ...時,imagine是非及物動詞,if 引導的條件子句是副詞子句。

    相當於省略了受詞 what will happen:

    Imagine (what will happen) if you are a millionaire.

    (3)Imagine you are a millionaire.

    相當於省略了that .

    假設語氣:

    (1)Imagine if the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then? (X)

    這一句是肯定句,而非疑問句。而且文法錯誤,應該是:

    Imagine, if the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what our ancestors would have done then.

    名詞子句 what our ancestors would have done then 是 imagine 的受詞。

    (2)Imagine that the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then? (X)

    這一句文法錯誤,是兩個句子。可以是

    Imagine that the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age. What would our ancestors have done then?

    (3)Imagine the rainforests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then? (X)

    同上。

    2011-08-14 14:30:12 補充:

    回覆版主補充的幾個改寫句子,答案均「是的」,

    而且其中逗號可以去掉,加上逗號只是便於分析句子結構。

  • PONY
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    A. Imagine that後面可接「假設」、「直說」兩種語氣,帶出一個名詞子句。that在此當連接詞用,有時也可被省略。例:I imagine that you are Lady Gaga. 「直說語氣」She imagines that her doll is a real girl. 「直說語氣」Can you imagine that this will happen one day? 「直說語氣」Imagine that ordinary people could gain talents. 「假設-和現在事實相反」Imagine that every night everyone rose at midnight and recorded their dreams. 「假設-和現在事實相反」B. 相同地,Imagine if後面也可接「假設」、「直說」兩種語氣。if 在此當連接詞用帶出一個名詞子句。例:Can you imagine if you go back to your childhood? 「直說語氣」I imagine if you are a domestic violence victim. 「直說語氣」Can you imagine if you were in prison? 「假設-和現在事實相反」I imagine if you were driving a taxi on the street. 「假設-和現在事實相反」C. 檢驗版大的原句假設語氣:(1)Imagine if the rain forests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

    (2)Imagine that the rain forests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

    (3)Imagine the rain forests had disappeared in the stone age, what would our ancestors have done then?

    檢驗結果:以上全是「假設語氣-和過去事實相反」,並且皆是對的句子。陳述語氣:

    (1)Imagine if you are a millionaire.

    (2)Imagine that you are a millionaire.

    (3)Imagine you are a millionaire.檢驗結果:以上全是「直說語氣」,並且皆是對的句子。D. 結論和建議就句子結構和語意,這兩種用法皆是相同的。兩者主要的區別在於:-imagines that會比imagine if來得正式或正統,這一點可從幾乎每一本字典會列出imagines that的用法,而沒提imagine if來證實。-這也就是為甚麼英美人士在實際應用時,有百分之九十用imagines that,然而只有百分之十用imagine if 的主因。綜合以上,我個人會建議還是用imagines that為宜,因為這也是英語母語人士使用頻率高出許多的慣用方式。

    參考資料: COCA全球最受學術界肯定的資料語庫
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