英文關係代名詞跟不定詞文法請教我解題謝謝^^

1.The seetlement at which they finally arrived allowed dual custody of the

chlidren.請問為什麼填入的是at which不是which或其他謝謝^^

2.The course was divided into three sessions,__was taught by a fifferent instructor.

A.each of then

B.it

C.which

D.each of which

請問為什麼謝謝^^

3.I am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle_____

I should never be tired.

A.that

B.of which

C.which

D.in that

4.Do you know anything about the accident which happened on the street yesterday.

為什麼此題不使用 which had happened或had happened?謝謝

5.I always keep candles in the house in cause there is power blackout.

為什麼此題不能用beacuse?謝謝

6.____human being keep cows for milk,some ants keep aphids for the sweet honeydew they produec.

A.Sine

B.Because

C.Even though

D.Just as

請問為什麼?謝謝^^

7.Without continued learning throughout all the years of one's adult life, no one can become a truly educated person,___good his schooling has been.

A.whatever

B.whoever

C.however

D.whichever

8.Mr.jefferson borrowed the money from his friend after being refused a bank loan.

being refused 可改為to be refused嗎或過去分詞resfused嗎?為什麼不行?謝謝

9.I will have my car inspected by an experienced mechanic.

inspected 可以改為不定詞被動型式嗎?謝謝

另外請問何時需使用不定詞~何時該使用分詞被動或主動型式?謝謝

請問為什麼謝謝^^!!

謝謝大家的幫忙^^

已更新項目:

謝謝Louis^^

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    1.The seetlement at which they finally arrived allowed dual custody of the

    chlidren.請問為什麼填入的是at which不是which或其他謝謝^^

    要看關係子句和先行詞的關係來決定該填的是什麼。本句的關係子句要表達的是They finally arrived at a settlement。在用關係代名詞which將附屬子句和主要子句相連時,介系詞at是配合不及物動詞arrived的,可以留在動詞arrived的後面,或隨關係代名詞移到附屬子句的which(代表a steelement)之前。本句是後者的狀況。

    2.The course was divided into three sessions,__was taught by a fifferent instructor.

    A.each of then

    B.it

    C.which

    D.each of which

    請問為什麼謝謝^^

    這題的附屬子句的主詞只是sessions之一,所以用each of which來將關係代名詞which的範圍縮小。如果只寫which,意思就不同了。

    3.I am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle_____

    I should never be tired.

    A.that

    B.of which

    C.which

    D.in that

    這題狀況同第一題,附屬子句是I should never be tired of a beautiful spectacle.介系詞of是因為配合動詞片語而存在的,of可以留在附屬子句之後,或移到關係代名詞which之前。

    4.Do you know anything about the accident which happened on the street yesterday.

    為什麼此題不使用 which had happened或had happened?謝謝

    用簡單過去式就可以了,因為時間座標是yesterday。用過去完成式是要與另一個過去式形成時差,這句沒有此狀況。如果寫成had happened,就讓本句語法錯誤,因為accident不能同時當介系詞about的受詞,又當had happened的主詞。

    5.I always keep candles in the house in cause there is power blackout.

    為什麼此題不能用beacuse?謝謝

    是in case,你打錯字了。in case = if。不能換做because,因為沒有因果關係,是一個假設的狀況。

    6.____human being keep cows for milk, some ants keep aphids for the sweet honeydew they produec.

    A.Sine

    B.Because

    C.Even though

    D.Just as

    請問為什麼?謝謝^^

    由這句的內容來看是把人類養生取奶,與螞蟻的養蚜虫取蜜露做類比,所以用有Just as合乎需要。

    7.Without continued learning throughout all the years of one's adult life, no one can become a truly educated person,___good his schooling has been.

    A.whatever

    B.whoever

    C.however

    D.whichever

    只有副詞however可以放在形容詞或副詞前面來當修飾語。這題應選C。

    8.Mr.jefferson borrowed the money from his friend after being refused a bank loan.

    being refused 可改為to be refused嗎或過去分詞resfused嗎?為什麼不行?謝謝

    只有動名詞being refused可以當介系詞after的受詞。不定詞和分詞不行。

    9.I will have my car inspected by an experienced mechanic.

    have在本句是使役動詞用法,如果接不定詞,須為bare infinitive(即沒有to的不定詞,意思是主動的,但與本句需要不符),因為用過去分詞inspected即可表示被動,不會再畫蛇添足,寫成be inspected。何時該用不定詞或分詞,需視動詞及句意來決定,通常受詞補語如果用不定詞,有尚未做的意思,而用現在分詞則有正在做的意思,用過去分詞為被做。

    2011-09-02 13:48:49 補充:

    to Peter:

    however同時扮演連接詞和副詞,帶出一個[副詞子句]做為主句述部的[修飾語]:

    類似例句:

    However hard he tried, he could not control his feelings.

    However much they earn, they will never be satisfied.

    2011-09-02 13:50:08 補充:

    以上例句出自Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition p.737

  • 8 年前

    Dear Louis大師:

    請教第7題

    ,howerer good his schooling has been.

    算不算一個子句,

    若算是一個子句,however又是副詞,那本句不是

    有二個主詞(no one, his schooling ),二個動詞了嗎 ?

    費解 ?

    請 大師不吝予以賜教.

    謝謝

    Peter

  • 老登
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    Louis + 1 !

    專業!

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