珊藜 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

被動語態與主動語態

All the objects tell something about human history,but some can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world.

(1)請教高手幫忙解釋藍色部分的句構分析?("can be singled out"為何不加by +受詞? 還是省略呢?)

(2)另外,如果藍色部分改回來主動語態,該如何寫? 謝謝

已更新項目:

All the objects tell something about human history,but some can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world.

(1)"can be singled out"為何不加by +受詞? 還是省略呢?

2 個已更新項目:

2)主動語態but we can singled some out as prime examples of the ways that humans long ago shaped their world.

為何不寫but we can singled out some as prime ....?

3 個已更新項目:

3.另外原來被動語態but some can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world. 無that

但改成主動語態變成要多that呢

but we can singled some out as prime examples of the ways that humans long ago shaped their world.

2 個解答

評分
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    All the objects tell something about human history, but some can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world.

    =All the objects tell something about human history, but some (objects ) can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world.

    一般對等子句在修辭學而言,前面子句用主動後面子句需一致,但本句為主詞(objects )比較,自然以此表達較佳

    如果藍色部分改回來主動語態:

    All the objects tell something about human history, but some (objects )distingwish from others as prime examples of the ways that humans long ago shaped their world.

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    All the objects tell something about human history, but some can be singled out as prime examples of the ways humans long ago shaped their world.

    =All the objects tell something about human history, but we can singled some out as prime examples of the ways that humans long ago shaped their world.

    藍色部分用被動的原因有二:一是讓其主詞與前面對等的子句相同,但只是其中的一部分,形成對比,比較容易閱讀。二是誰來做都是同樣的結果時,就無必要指定或說明是由誰做的。

    2011-09-19 08:54:14 補充:

    更正:...but we can single some out ...這裡的動詞single不能用過去式.

    不用we當第二個子句的主詞的原因是前一個子句是all當主詞,第二個子句用some,可以形成對比.

    2011-09-19 08:58:54 補充:

    更正: 第一個子句是用 all the objects,所以第二個子句用some才能做比較,不能用we來和all the objects對比.

    最後一個子句humans long ago shaped their world和前面的ways關係是how,所以不該填入that.原來的回答加註that是錯誤的.

    2011-09-19 17:13:04 補充:

    更正: the way後面還是應該加上that,只是非正式的寫法通常將that省去.

    請參見Michael Swan著,牛津大學出版<牛津英語用法指南>p.893 way的用法說明2

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