To quote or to Paraphrase 20點
各位 我有自己做練習題 但是那本書竟然這缺答案
A manual laborer digging a ditch is just as complicated as today's computer linked with an automatic milling machine. His brain, first of all , has been programmed with the techniques of using a shovel. Through the nerves, the laborer's brain instructs his muscles to exert force on the shovel, and the earth moves. Through the senses, the brain monitors how much force is necessary to move the earth, and if , for example, the shovel strikes a stone, the brain signals the necessary muscular movements to dig around or remove it. Similarly, the computer which guides the milling machines has been programmed with the information necessary to make, for example, an aluminum part for an aircraft. Through the connecting wires (nerves), the computer tells the machine to move in th e proper directions, and with the proper extended tools to make the necessary cuts and drill holes.
- prisoner26535Lv 79 年前最佳解答
To quote is to use the original segment of the source as it was written. The quote must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.
To paraphrase is to rewrite the ideas from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it your ways.
To summarize is to brief the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source materials.
When/what to quote? To paraphrase? Or to summarize? It all depends on how you intend to use the information. For me, I usually do:
1. quote facts and conclusions
2. paraphrase opinions
3. summarize processes and methodology.