1. 請問 More people came to the meeting than were expected.
= More people came to the meeting than we expected.嗎?
有沒有 More people came to the meeting than was expected.的說法啊?
2. He is mentally ill and cannot be held responsible for his actions.
它跟be responsible for 是一模一樣的意思嗎?
- LionEnglishLv 78 年前最佳解答
1. More people came to the meeting than were expected.
這是 than 當「準關係代名詞」的用法。
本句，than 是 were expected 的主詞，先行詞是 people。把 than 的子句拿到前面，跟先行詞在一起也可以：
More people than were expected came to the meeting.
第二句， More people came to the meeting than we (had) expected. 也是可以的。這時， than 變成 expected 的受詞。 （要是加上 had，讓它成為過去完成式，時間順序看起來會比較順，明確表示比「事先預期」多。）
最後，既然先行詞是 people，than 子句的動詞就不要用 was。
2. be held responsible 和 be responsible 雖然都是在講責任，但意思不同。
英語則有分別。「to hold 某人 responsible (for)」 是在究責，表示「惟某人是問」或「歸罪於某人」。 而 be responsible (for) 不一定有負面意思，大都是偏重在講「責任」或「職責」。 例如：
If anything goes wrong, I will hold you responsible.
I am responsible for the whole department.
He is mentally ill and cannot be held responsible for his actions.
這裡 cannot be held responsible 是被動，要表達的意思是「不能被歸罪」，所以 held 一定要有才行。
- 8 年前
Thanks for your explanation. It's really helpful.
- Infinito - 無極Lv 78 年前
本句的than稱為準關係代名詞, 族群另有as與but, 一共三個. 它不是真的關代, 本身是連接詞卻具有關代的特性.
than were expected是被動, than we expected是主動, 文法語意都不相等.
than were expected = than people who were expected
用was是不對的, 因為這裡的比較對象不可能只有一人, 而是另一個people.
2011-10-06 08:51:49 補充：
be responsible for 是主動的負責任
be held responsible for 是受人或法規的約束而負責任.
He is mentally ill and (he) cannot be held responsible for his actions.
= He is mentally ill and we cannot hold him responsible for his actions.