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Lv 5
? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

The store closed down

The store closed down two days ago.

為何不用被動

The store was closed down two days ago.

請教

1 個解答

評分
  • 8 年前
    最佳解答

    close down 可以當及物動詞,也可以當不及物動詞。

    當及物動詞, close down ~ 是 「某方將某機關強迫關閉」,例如:

    The authorities closed down the university for the second time this year.

    當局今年第二度關閉該大學。

    這種及物用法,當然可以用被動:

    For the second time this year the university was closed down (by the authorities) .

    一般店家歇業不做,都是自己決定的,所以大都用主動即可。

    The shop closed down.

    那店鋪關門大吉了。

    如果刻意用被動的話,那肯定是被強迫歇業:

    The shop was closed down by the police.

    那店鋪讓警方給關了!

    所以 The store closed down. 和 The store was closed down. 都可以,但語感可以明確知道歇業動機不同!

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