傻爸爸 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

麻煩大家幫我解答幾題英文文法

It was important for Kevin ______ his homework quickly because he had to

help his parents sell fruit in the night market.

(A) finish (B) to finish (C) finishes (D) finished

這題答案是B,我想請問一下英文高手,為什麼要加to,希望解答的高手可以解釋越清楚越好,謝謝

Cindy cried out when she saw a motorcycle ____ into her cat.

(A) bump (B) bumped (C) to bump (D) has bumped

這題的答案是A 我想請問英文高手們幫我解釋一下四個選項,為什麼答案是A?其他三個選項又為什麼不行?

______ the lesson before class gives me a better idea about what the teacher

is going to teach.

(A) Preview (B) Previews (C) Previewed (D) Previewing

這題答案是D 我想請問說一般這種題型有1.動詞原型2.to+動詞 3.動詞+ing 三種文法,想請問一下要怎麼判斷什麼時候用哪種文法呢??

My mother _______ me send a letter yesterday

(A) asked (B) had (C) told (D) wanted

這題答案是B 這題我只知道D的答案是錯的~其他A B C 三個選項我都不懂,想麻煩英文高手幫我解釋~謝謝^^

4 個解答

評分
  • 9 年前
    最佳解答

    Q1, This is a customary usage:

    It is important for someone to+V ....

    on the other hand "to finish ..." is used to express what is important for

    Kevin.

    Q2, I think it can be "bumping" or "bump". The reason, when you see

    something, the action can be (1)just an instant (you use bump), (2)

    going on for a duration (you use bumping). In this case, I assume

    the "bump" is just for an instant, so answer is "bump". The other

    three don't work, because you can NOT see when event has already

    happened, and "see can only follow by "v" or "v+ing".

    Q3. This is so-called "noun clause" (I hope I use the right word), it can only

    start with "to + V" or "V + ing".

    Q4. Only "had" is suitable for this sentence. It carries a "command" (order

    from mother). The other three, you have to have the sentence written

    as:

    My mother asked (told, wanted) me to send a letter yesterday

    參考資料: self
  • 9 年前

    1) finish前面加 "to" 是因爲一句句子不能有兩個verb(動詞),所以句子的第二個verb要加 "to" 或者是 "ing"(finishing),這叫gerund(動名詞)。

    2)"bump"是simple present tense(現在式),前半句句子說"Cindy cried out"是過去的事情,所以用simple past tense(過去式),後半句句子說"when she saw a motorcycle bump into her cat" 是在描述當時的情況,所以要用現在式。

    3)這題跟第一題有差不多的意思,"previewing"是gerund,後面已經有"gives"作動詞了,所以會用gerund

    4)這一題是不是有打漏什麽的?如果前面用了動詞,後面的"send"應該寫作"to send",我不太清楚這個,就算加了"to",我還是覺得用"had"怪怪的,我覺得這題的答案是(A) asked

    希望可以幫到你! :D

    參考資料: myself
  • 老登
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    Cyrus' ( 初學者 5 級 )+ 1 !

    Good job !

  • 9 年前

    It was important for Kevin ______ his homework quickly because he had to

    help his parents sell fruit in the night market.

    (A) finish (B) to finish (C) finishes (D) finished

    這題答案是B,我想請問一下英文高手,為什麼要加to,希望解答的高手可以解釋越清楚越好,謝謝

    It is/was 形容詞 for 某人to do 某事

    It是虛主詞,真正的主詞是不定詞to do

    原句:To finish his homework quickly was important for Kevin because .....

    不定詞短語作主詞,顯得主詞很長,通常會使用it虛主詞,而把不定詞放到

    後面。

    Cindy cried out when she saw a motorcycle ____ into her cat.

    (A) bump (B) bumped (C) to bump (D) has bumped

    這題的答案是A 我想請問英文高手們幫我解釋一下四個選項,為什麼答案是A?其他三個選項又為什麼不行?

    感官動詞後用省略to的不定詞作受詞補語,如see, hear, feel, watch等等

    see 某人do 某事 --- 看到全部的過程 {do是省略to的不定詞}

    see 某人doing 某事----看到部分的過程

    ______ the lesson before class gives me a better idea about what the teacher

    is going to teach.

    (A) Preview (B) Previews (C) Previewed (D) Previewing

    這題答案是D 我想請問說一般這種題型有1. 動詞原型2.to+動詞 3.動詞+ing 三種文法,想請問一下要怎麼判斷什麼時候用哪種文法呢??

    動名詞作主詞視為單數,三單動詞要注意。主要動詞是give,次要動詞就改成V-ing或是V-ed {V-ing表主動 V-ed表被動}

    to do不定詞作用就很多,放在什麼位置它就是什麼,動詞後做受詞,受詞後可做副詞,放主詞作名詞....等等很多的功能

    動詞原型--- 看使役/感官動詞的用法

    My mother _______ me send a letter yesterday

    (A) asked (B) had (C) told (D) wanted

    使役動詞後用省略to的不定詞作受詞補語,如make, have, let等等

    時態前後要一致

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