Baobao 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 8 年前

hang的用法

我本來以為自己對hang一字的用法還算清楚,可是看了電子辭典裡的例句,發覺有些懂,有些不懂,譬如:

1. Several of his paintings hang in the gallery.

為何不是寫成 "Several of his paintings are hung in the gallery."?

2. At that time you could hang for stealing.

為何不是寫成 "At that time you could be hanged for stealing."?

3. There were several expensive suits hanging in the wardrobe.

為何不是寫成 "There were several expensive suits hung in the wardrobe."?

請幫忙解惑一下,謝謝!

2 個解答

評分
  • PONY
    Lv 7
    8 年前
    最佳解答

    A. 指「掛、懸、垂吊」等意思時,有「主動」、「被動」語態兩種用法,只是前者占英美人士使用頻率的七成五,後者約二成五。傳統上,某個畫、旗幟、照片、燈、海報等「掛、懸、垂吊」在某處時,大多是這些名詞當主詞,hang當不及物動,以「主動」語態表示,但逐漸地在近代也有「被動」語態出現;這也很可能是為何「主動」語態還是主流的原因。

    a. 主動語態:N+hang+adv/prep. (adv. Phrase) Rows of bright paper banners hang from the rafters. For light, a naked bulb hangs from the ceiling.Three oil lamps hanging from the ceiling swayed and smoked.Ken looks up at the sign hanging from the rearview mirror, which reads: IT'S BEEN MONDAY ALL WEEK. (下列三句也是主動語態,延伸變化成的分詞構句)

    There's a hooded lamp hanging over the center of the tableThere was a mirror hanging above the desk in the corner.There were a sign hanging from the tunnel. b. 被動語態N+be+hung+adv/prep. (adv. Phrase) If Hillary wins in 2008, this pioneering picture will be hung in the White House waiting room.

    The paintings will be hung in the gallery on the first floor.

    These sugary, sweet fakes will then be hung in the trees around the perimeter of orchards to attract the flies.

    Flyers announcing the Group and its purpose were hung in the Center's waiting room.

    A giant poster of her was hung from the city hall in Rome . 綜合以上,檢驗原句:

    1. Several of his paintings hang in the gallery. (主動) (正確;且使用頻率高)

    為何不是寫成 "Several of his paintings are hung in the gallery."? (被動) (正確;但使用頻率低)

    3. There were several expensive suits hanging in the wardrobe. (主動分詞構句) (正確)

    為何不是寫成 "There were several expensive suits hung in the wardrobe."? (不正確;因英美人士沒有這樣的用法) B. hang指 「絞、吊死」時;因犯罪而被「絞、吊死」就用「被動」語態,只有「自己上吊」才用 hang oneself的「主動」語態。 (指此意時,英式英文動詞三態hang, hanged, hanged; 美式英文動詞三態hang, hung, hung) 例: He was hanged for murder.

    They were hanged for their crimes.

    Kevin hanged himself in his prison cell.

    綜合以上,檢驗原句:

    2. At that time you could hang for stealing. (錯誤) 應改為

    At that time you could be hanged for stealing. (正確;因為是被吊死的) (即如同所列另一原句)

    參考資料: americancorpus + 個人
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    8 年前

    欲窮千里目,看這裡可解你的疑惑

還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。