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老丁 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

英文文法解釋

To make the world literate, everyone has to help.

1. 為什麼開頭是使用不定詞 ?

This includes small local schools to big international organizations.

1. 這裡的to是解釋成 ? / 詞性是 ?

UNESCO knows it needs assistance to reach its goal,so every year,it gives out awards to people,schools,and organizations that are making a difference.

1. 這裡的it是指 ?

2. 一個句子之中為什麼可以同時出現know 跟 need兩個洞詞 ?

3. so是轉折語氣嗎 ?

4. 這裡的to是指 ? / 詞性是 ?

5. 這裡的that是指 ?

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    To make the world literate, everyone has to help.

    1. 為什麼開頭是使用不定詞 ?

    這裡的不定詞片語是當述部has to help的修飾語,說明[原因],屬副詞性質。你加in order在這個片語前面,就知道其用法了。

    This includes small local schools to big international organizations.

    1. 這裡的to是解釋成 ? / 詞性是 ?

    include something in/on something才是正確的寫法。介系詞應用in或on,而非to。這句的寫法可能有問題。我需要看一下前句,才能確定它是否另有別的意義。

    UNESCO knows it needs assistance to reach its goal,so every year,it gives out awards to people,schools,and organizations that are making a difference.

    1. 這裡的it是指 ?

    it = to reach its goals,it是虛主詞,後面的不定詞片語是名詞子句的delayed subject。英文在主詞太長時,會有延遲的現象。

    2. 一個句子之中為什麼可以同時出現know 跟 need兩個動詞 ?

    now是主要子句的動詞,而need是附屬子句的動詞。沒有衝突。

    3. so是轉折語氣嗎 ?

    so是[對等連接詞],帶出一個重要性和前一子句相等的子句,兩者形成compound sentence。

    4. 這裡的to是指 ? / 詞性是 ?

    give out something to somebody,

    to是和動詞give相關連的介系詞。

    5. 這裡的that是指 ?

    that是關係代名詞,在此帶出一個限定性質的形容詞子句當修飾語,用來修飾前面的名詞people, schools, organizations.將其範圍加以限定。

    2011-10-26 08:13:27 補充:

    請檢查一下你的第二句是否漏打了內容。因為語意好像有問題。

    2011-10-26 14:37:44 補充:

    形容詞子句通常其主詞是關係代名詞,如:Do you know the person who came here yesterday?

    如果形容詞子句有自己主詞時,會以關係副詞和先行詞相連.如:We do not the time when we will die.用關係副詞when.

    2011-10-26 14:40:57 補充:

    不可改成...organizations that they are making a difference.因為名詞子句不能當修飾語.只能當主詞,受詞,補語,或同位語.

    This is what I am looking for.(主詞補語)

    That you were late again made me angry. (主詞)

    The fact that you were late again made me angry.(同位語)

    I do not know what you said.(受詞)

    2011-10-26 16:50:33 補充:

    Kevin在意見欄說的才是正確的.

    1)第三句的it needs assistance的it是代名詞,代表UNESCO,it不是虛主詞.我看錯了.對不起.

    2)第二句加上from語意才通,是from ... to ...的關係.

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  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    9 年前

    UNESCO knows it needs assistance to reach its goal, ...

    it=UNESCO

    2011-10-26 15:23:44 補充:

    UNESCO knows it needs assistance to reach its goal, ...

    it=UNESCO

    2011-10-26 15:26:32 補充:

    This includes small local schools to big international organizations.

    The above is an abridged version of

    This includes FROM small local schools TO big international organizations.

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  • 9 年前

    Dear Louis大師:

    有關UNESCO knows ...and organizations that are making a difference.

    有二個問題,請大師賜教:

    1. that are making a difference.是形容詞子句或名詞子句? 如何判斷?

    2. 該子句可否改成 and organizations that they are making a difference. ?

    謝謝

    也謝謝老丁君借光.

    2011-10-26 15:40:31 補充:

    感謝Louis大師指導.

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