小陳 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 9 年前

關於英文句子的文法,請幫我解答

不太了解句子的用法,如果可以的話請舉例子幫助我理解,謝謝。

1.You can look through that later to reinforce what we will talk about today.

為何reinforce ( v )後面要加上what?

是因為 you can look through that (透過某樣東西) later to reinforce something that we will talk about today嗎?

2.What we want to do is verbally cover the main functions of the program.

(1) what 放在最前面是正常用法嗎?去掉會不會對句子有影響?

(2) 此句的 is 後面需不需要加 to ,什麼時候需要加什麼時候不需要加?

3. At least you'll get a glimpse of what the newer version of the program has to offer.

(1) what 再此句中的意義是?

(2) program 後面是不是少了that?

1 個解答

評分
  • PONY
    Lv 7
    9 年前
    最佳解答

    1. You can look through that later to reinforce what we will talk about today.

    為何reinforce ( v )後面要加上what?

    是因為 you can look through that (透過某樣東西) later to reinforce something that we will talk about today嗎? 雖然through 當介系詞可指 (透過某樣東西),但在此句指「從頭到尾;全部」,所以look through:「從頭到尾;全部」看一遍

    that: 那個(資料)

    later (副詞):事後;稍後

    to reinforce (動詞):補強;補充;增強

    what we will talk about today:這是個名詞片語,是承接to reinforce的受詞

    整句:「稍後,你可以把那資料整個從頭到尾看一遍,做為今天我們將要談論到(例:課程內容)的補充」 本句結構很類似:You can take some exercise to reinforce your health. (你可做些運動來增進健康) 名詞片語的概念: I know something.

    (我知道某件事) (something 是動詞know的受格)

    哪件事呢?

    那件事就是what we will talk about today.

    I know what we will talk about today. (我知道今天我們將要談論的事)

    2.What we want to do is verbally cover the main functions of the program.

    (1) what 放在最前面是正常用法嗎?去掉會不會對句子有影響?

    (2) 此句的 is 後面需不需要加 to ,什麼時候需要加什麼時候不需要加? 這句的確要在is 後面加 to,整句就成為What we want to do is to verbally cover the main functions of the program. 意指「我們將要做的事情,就是口頭地把該軟體程式的主要功能講解完畢」。

    該句若前後對調成為To verbally cover the main functions of the program is what we want to do. 可能就更易瞭解。What 若去掉, 整句結構就不完整了。

    3. At least you'll get a glimpse of what the newer version of the program has to offer.

    (1) what 再此句中的意義是?

    (2) program 後面是不是少了that? 該句先簡化成At least you'll get a glimpse of something. (至少你會大略瞄過某個東西)

    甚麼東西呢?

    那個東西就是what the newer version of the program has to offer. (該軟體程式最新版本必需提供的(功能)

    所以something就如同=what the newer version of the program has to offer.是承接介系詞of 的名詞(片語)

    總之,如果「名詞片語」的概念有了,上述的疑問就解決了大半。

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